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The Link Between Biomes and Climate

Geography is interested in how people and cultures relate to the physical environment. The largest environment of which we are part is the biosphere. The biosphere is the part of the earth's surface and its atmosphere where organisms exist. It has also been described as the life-supporting layer that surrounds the Earth.
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Outcrops versus Exposures, an Essay

The terms geologists use to describe bedrock that's available for the hammer are two: exposures and outcrops. Exposure covers all cases, whereas outcrop is used for an exposure that is natural. The faces sculpted on Mount Rushmore are exposures, but Mount Rushmore itself is an outcrop. The subtler shades of meaning of these two words reflect their deepest roots.
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Identify the Cottonwoods

The common cottonwoods are three species of poplars in the section Aegiros of the genus Populus, native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. They are very similar to and in the same genus as other true poplars and aspens. They also tend to rustle and chitter in a breeze . The name comes from the fact that their seeds are produced from a fluffy white cotton-looking covering.
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"Popular Mechanics" Study Guide

'Popular Mechanics,' a very short story by Raymond Carver, first appeared in Playgirl in 1978. The story was included in Carver's 1981 collection, "What We Talk About When We Talk About Love", and later appeared under the title 'Little Things' in his 1988 collection, "Where I'm Calling From". The story describes an argument between a man and a woman that rapidly escalates into a physical struggle over their baby.
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The Deadly Hazard of Avalanches

Avalanches have always occurred in the mountainous regions of the world. With the growth of winter-time recreations, fatalities have been on the rise since the 1950s. Avalanches claim over 150 lives each year worldwide and hundreds more are injured or trapped following an avalanche. Ninety percent of all avalanches occur on moderate slopes with an angle of 30° to 45° (snow tends not to accumulate on steeper slopes).
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French Movie Terms

Whether you love attending film festivals, watching movies, or just reading reviews, you'll want to learn some French vocabulary related to movies. le film - film, movie le cinéma - movie theater le Festival de Cannes - Cannes Film Festival la Croisette - "little cross," promenade which is the center of activity during the festival la sélection officielle - official festival selection Un certain regard - Cannes category for particularly innovative films la Palme d'Or - "golden palm," highest award given at Cannes Genres la comédie - comedy le documentaire - documentary le drame - drama le film d'action - action movie le film d'aventures - adventure le film d'épouvante - horror la science-fiction - science fiction le western - western Acteurs - Cast un acteur - actor une actrice - actress la distribution - cast list le / la figurant / figurante - extra l' interprète (m or f) - actor/actress le premier rôle - male lead, leading actor le premier rôle féminin - female lead, leading actress le second rôle - supporting actor le second rôle féminin - supporting actress la silhouette - walk-on part/role la vedette - star Équipe - Crew le / la bruiteur / bruiteuse - sound-effects engineer le caméraman, cadreur - camera operator le / la cinéaste - director, film-maker le / la coiffeur / coiffeuse - hair stylist le / la décorateur / décoratrice - designer le directeur de la photo(graphie) - cinematographer, director of photography le / la maquilleur / maquilleuse - make-up artist le metteur en scène - director le / la monteur / monteuse - editor le preneur de son - sound engineer, sound recorder le / la producteur / productrice - producer le producteur exécutif - executive producer la productrice exécutive le / la réalisateur / réalisatrice - director le régisseur - line producer, assistant director le scénariste - screenwriter Scènes et Plans - Scenes and Shots l' arrêt sur image - freeze frame le cadre - frame dans le champ - in shot en décor, studio - on set en extérieur - on location le fondu - dissolve, fade hors champ - off-camera le panoramique - panning un plan rapproché / serré - close up le raccord - continuity Verbes - Verbs bruiter - to add sound effects cadrer - to frame a shot couper - to cut diriger - to direct interpréter - to perform, act monter - to edit produire - to produce projeter - to project, show tourner (un film, une scène) - to film, shoot (a movie, scene) Miscellaneous à l'affiche - showing, playing, on screen la bande sonore - soundtrack le bruitage - sound effects le découpage - story board doublé - dubbed l' éclairage (m) - lighting le générique - credits, theme music la grue - crane le métrage - length le montage - editing le scénario - screenplay sous-titré - subtitled le truquage - special effects VF - version française (dubbed into French) VO - version originale (in the original language with French subtitles)
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