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The most common modern version is:

Ding, dong, bell,
Pussy’s in the well.
Who put her in?
Little Johnny Flynn.
Who pulled her out?
Little Tommy Stout. [1]

The earliest recorded reference to the rhyme is from John Lant, the organist of Winchester Cathedral in 1580, who recorded the following rhyme:

Jacke boy, ho boy newes,
The cat is in the well,
Let us ring now for her Knell,
Ding dong ding dong Bell. [1]

It was printed in Thomas Ravenscroft's Pammelia, Musicks Miscellanie in 1609, as a canon for four voices. [2]

The phrase 'Ding, dong, bell' also appears in these passages of Shakespeare's plays:

Sea nymphs hourly ring his knell:
Hark! Now I hear them - Ding, dong, bell.

Let us all ring fancy's knell
I'll begin it - Ding, dong, bell.

The earliest version to resemble the modern one is from Mother Goose's Melody published in London around 1765. [1] The additional lines that include (arguably) the more acceptable ending for children with the survival of the cat are in James Orchard Halliwell's Nursery Rhymes of England, where the cat is pulled out by "Dog with long snout". [3]

Several names are used for the malevolent Johnny Green, including Tommy O' Linne (1797) and Tommy Quin (c. 1840). [1] Iona and Peter Opie suggested that it may have had its origins in Tom a lin or Tom o' Lin, the protagonist of another nursery rhyme. [1]

There is also a version composed as a four-part round by William Stonard (1585-1630) to the following text:

Ding, ding, ding dong bell, ding, ding, ding, ding dong bell.
Oh cruel death that stopped the breath of him I loved so well.
Alack and well away 'tis a heavy day that ever us befell.
Then for his sake some order let us take that we may ring his knell.

The most common modern version is arguably already a moderation of the theme of the original rhyme. The fear that children might be affected by the violence of the rhyme and specifically that children might be tempted to put cats in wells, led to several attempts to reform the rhyme. [1] In his New Nursery Rhymes for Old (1949) Geoffrey Hall published the following alternative:

Ding dong bell
Pussy's at the well
Who took her there?
Little Johnny Hare.
Who'll bring her in?
Little Tommy Thin.
What a jolly boy was that
To get some milk for pussy cat
Who ne'er did any harm
But played with the mice in
His father's barn.

Ding - History

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Ding, (Chinese: “tripod”) Wade-Giles romanization ting, type of ancient Chinese cooking or holding vessel, usually with two handles on the rim, that is supported by three or four columnar legs.

Two variations of the ding include the li-ding, which has a slight swelling of the bowl as it joins each of the legs (similar in effect to the li), and the fang-ding, which, however illogical, is a “square tripod,” with a square or rectangular box resting on four legs. The characteristic decoration on these vessels—often large taotie, or monster masks—exploits the ample shape and surface of the bowl, although the legs generally have minimal ornamentation.

The ding, with many variations of silhouette, was present in virtually all early ages of China, including in pottery ware from the Neolithic Period (c. 5000–2000 bc ) and bronzes from the Shang (18th–12th century bc ) and Zhou (1111–256/255 bc ) dynasties, as well as in the bronze and glazed pottery imitations of many later periods. The ding was often used in divinatory ceremonies for sacrificial offerings, or it was buried with its owner in a tomb as a spiritual utensil (mingqi). The number of ding a person owned was determined by his rank in the social and political hierarchy.


In 1900, Ding became a reporter for the Sioux City Journal. Following his marriage to Genevieve Pendleton in 1906, he began work with the Des Moines Register and Leader. In 1911, he moved to New York and worked with the New York Globe but went back to Des Moines in 1913. Three years later, in 1916, he returned to New York and accepted a position with the New York Herald Tribune. By 1919, Darling returned a final time to Des Moines where he continued his career as a cartoonist, winning the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1924 and again in 1943. [3] His cartoons were published from 1917 to 1949 in the New York Herald Tribune.

Darling penned some conservation cartoons and he was an important figure in the conservation movement. President Franklin Roosevelt appointed him to a blue ribbon Committee on Wildlife Restoration in 1934. FDR sought political balance by putting the Hoover Republican on the committee, knowing he was an articulate advocate for wildlife management. [4]

Darling initiated the Federal Duck Stamp program and designed the first stamp. [5] Roosevelt appointed him as head of the U.S. Biological Survey, forerunner of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [6] The J. N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel Island in southwest Florida is named after him, as is the Lake Darling State Park in Iowa that was dedicated on September 17, 1950. Lake Darling, a 9,600-acre lake at the Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge is also named in his honor. [7] More recently a lodge at the National Conservation Training Center near Shepherdstown, West Virginia was named in his honor. [8]

Darling was elected as a member of the Boone and Crockett Club, a wildlife conservation organization, on December 13, 1934. [9]

He was instrumental in founding the National Wildlife Federation in 1936, when President Franklin Roosevelt convened the first North American Wildlife Conference (now the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference), administered by the American Wildlife Institute (now Wildlife Management Institute). [10]

Darling received the annual Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning, recognizing two of works for the Des Moines Register & Tribune (also published elsewhere) as the year's best, In Good Old USA (1923) and "What a Place for a Waste Paper Salvage Campaign" (1942). [3]

In 1960, the National Audubon Society awarded Darling the Audubon Medal for his conservation achievements. [11]

Ding - History

Jay Darling was born in Norwood, Michigan, and spent most of his boyhood on the edge of the American frontier in Sioux City, Iowa. Childhood days were spent exploring the expansive prairies of Nebraska and South Dakota and the banks of the Missouri River where his lifelong devotion to conservation began. As soon as he was old enough, Darling hired himself out to herd cattle across the South Dakota plains.

College began badly for Darling when he and some friends "borrowed" the president's horse and buggy for an evening of revelry. He was dismissed from Yankton College in South Dakota in 1894 and began again at Beloit College in Wisconsin the following year. Darling planned to study medicine, the natural outgrowth of his interest in biological systems. Although he applied himself in the life sciences, his major focus at Beloit became his job as art editor for the college yearbook. Darling's irreverent cartoons of Beloit's faculty earned him another suspension, but he returned for his senior year and graduated in 1900. In spite of his escapades, Darling was forever influenced by his biology professor who taught him to view the world as a complete system and always frame it in ecological terms.

Darling accepted a job with the Sioux City Journal in order to save money to enter medical school. It was there, however, that his career as a political cartoonist blossomed, beginning with a story he ran accompanied by a sketch of the story's character - a local recalcitrant attorney who refused to have his photograph taken for the piece.

Darling took the pen name "Ding" to accompany his cartoons and by 1917 was syndicated across the country through the New York Herald Tribune . Eventually Darling's political cartoons would appear in 130 daily newspapers. His first conservation cartoon was published during Teddy Roosevelt's first term as president in 1901 in support of Roosevelt's campaign for establishment of a forestry service, a policy first suggested 25 years earlier by the reformer (and Secretary of the Interior) Carl Schurz. Roosevelt found an ally in Darling for the cause of conservation and the two became great friends. Darling authored two books and twice won the Pulitzer Prize for cartooning, in 1923 and again in 1942. He used his satirical pen to promote issues of conservation and to bring national attention to environmental concerns. Most important to Darling were issues of wildlife exploitation and the destruction of irreplaceable waterfowl habitat.

Although a staunch Republican, Darling was nevertheless recruited in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt to serve on the President's Committee for Wild Life Restoration along with two other prominent individuals, Aldo Leopold and Thomas Beck. The "Beck" or "Duck" Committee, as it came to be called, assumed the task of preparing a plan to direct funds into a new wildlife program to replace the Bureau of Biological Survey. Darling and Leopold, however, believed the work could be accomplished within the Survey as long as the proper funding was forthcoming. As validation for his work on the committee, Darling was offered the job as head of the Biological Survey in 1935, and he agreed to accept it on a temporary basis. As Director, Darling was often called the "best friend a duck ever had." His tenure as director was only 18 months, but in that time Darling was instrumental in injecting new energy into the Survey. Under his guidance, the Duck Stamp Act of 1934 was developed and Darling himself designed the first stamp.

With help from a group of industrialists who provided the funds, Darling organized the various sportsmen groups of North America into the National Wildlife Federation and promoted the annual observance of National Wildlife Week. He hoped to use the Federation as a conservation organization which would bring together concerned citizens across the nation. The world-famous wildlife conservation stamps were devised and produced by the Federation. Darling was also able to obtain agreement from every arms and ammunition supplier in the country to contribute ten percent of their gross receipts to federal conservation programs. He was most satisfied, however, with his successful efforts to restore the very near disappearance of Nevada's Sheldon Antelope Refuge which had become the "most desolate piece of the American continent [he] ever visited." Another important part of the Darling legacy at the Survey was his appointment of a young J. Clark Salyer II as head of the national wildlife system which grew to 279 national wildlife refuges encompassing 29 million acres by the time Salyer left his post in 1961.

Upon his resignation in 1935, the reins of a new and reinvigorated Survey were passed to Dr. Ira Gabrielson who remained at its head for more than a decade. Darling returned to drawing cartoons and influencing conservation policy through his political statements and his work with the Wildlife Federation. After his death in 1962, the J.N. "Ding" Darling Foundation was organized to carry on his work, and in 1965, the J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel Island, Florida, one of Ding's favorite bird-watching locations, was set aside in his honor.

David L. Lendt. Ding: The Life of Jay Norwood Darling.
Richard H. Stroud, Ed. National Leaders of American Conservation .
Who Was Who in America . 1961-1968.

What Ding family records will you find?

There are 7,000 census records available for the last name Ding. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Ding census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 3,000 immigration records available for the last name Ding. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 4,000 military records available for the last name Ding. For the veterans among your Ding ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 7,000 census records available for the last name Ding. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Ding census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 3,000 immigration records available for the last name Ding. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 4,000 military records available for the last name Ding. For the veterans among your Ding ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

Ding Vessel

A Ding is an ancient Chinese cauldron standing upon legs with a lid and two facing handles. They were essential bronzes used in Chinese ritual.

They were used for cooking, storage, and ritual offerings to the gods or ancestors. The earliest recovered examples are ceramic Ding, but they are better known from the Bronze Age.

From about 1000 BC, the Ding and the privilege to perform the associated rituals became symbols of authority. The number of permitted Ding varied according to one’s rank in the Chinese nobility.

In Chinese history and culture, possession of one or more ancient Ding is often associated with power and dominion over the land.

Therefore, the Ding was commonly used as an inherent symbolism for power. In the early Bronze Age of China, the use of wine and food vessels served a religious purpose.

While Ding was the essential food vessels, wine vessels were the more prominent ritual bronzes of this time. A Ding was used to make ritual sacrifices to ancestors. If the ancestors were happy, the living would be blessed with good fortune.

Food vessels and the Ding, in particular, eventually replaced wine vessels in importance.

Bronze vessels underwent a change in decor as well as the types and variations of vessels found in tombs, and their function shifted from solely religious to a more secular one.

Instead of sacrificing food to appease ancestors, the Ding was used to show off the status of the deceased, A Ding became a symbol of status, to both the living and spirits.

Encounter with A Mysterious and Capable Minister

One night, King Wu Ding dreamt about a saint named Yue told him that &ldquoif you ever have a chance to find me, you would know what I am capable of&rdquo.

After Wu Ding woke up, he drew a picture of Yue and sent lots of people to try and find this saint. Soon, a slave who was working as a construction worker looked exactly like the saint in Wu&rsquos dream and was summoned immediately.

Undoubtedly, this person was proved quite outstanding, insightful, and impressive.

Then Wu named this slave worker as Yue and nominated him as the most powerful prime minister of his empire.

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Unearthed Buffalo Shaped Bronze Wine Vessel During King Wu Ding&rsquos Period &mdash National Museum of China

Kung pao chicken’s legacy, from the Qing Dynasty to Panda Express

The name of the 19th century Chinese official Ding Baozhen may be unfamiliar, but almost everyone has heard of his favorite dish: gong bao or kung pao chicken.

A stir-fry of cubed chicken and piquant chiles, it’s one of the few Chinese dishes whose name needs no translation.

More famous even than General Tso’s chicken, it appears on menus everywhere from Beijing banquets to Panda Express. Most Americans will, at one time or another, have opened a takeout carton in their living rooms to reveal those juicy chunks of chicken in a waft of chile fragrance. Donald Trump was served kung pao chicken on his state visit to China in 2017 Chinese astronauts eat the dish in space.

Yet although kung pao chicken is best known as a Sichuanese dish, its precise origins are hotly contested.

While the connection between General Tso’s chicken and its namesake, the Hunanese General Zuo Zongtang, is entirely invented, no one disputes that kung pao chicken is linked to Ding (1820-86), an eminent Qing Dynasty official known as Gong Bao (literally Palace Guardian) because of his honorary title of tutor to imperial princes.

During an illustrious career, Ding made his mark in several parts of China: his home province of Guizhou, northeastern Shandong and finally Sichuan, where he spent the last years of his life. In all three places, his penchant for stir-fried chicken made a deep impression, with locals recalling that he loved to eat it and often served it to guests.

Ding was born into a gentry family in the village of Niuchang in western Guizhou. After triumphing in the imperial civil service examinations, he made a name for himself by quelling various insurrections by local bandits and tribesmen.

How Chinese food in America came to be synonymous with fried noodles and sticky-sweet meat nuggets is complicated.

In 1867, he was appointed governor of northeastern Shandong province, where he became known as a forward-thinking man who strengthened coastal defenses and fostered modern industry. Most sensationally, in 1869 he arrested and later executed a presumptuous eunuch from the Forbidden City, a tale that entered popular legend.

Today, there’s little public acknowledgment of Ding in Jinan, the capital of Shandong province. Like many imperial officials, particularly those who specialized in squashing peasant rebellions, he was not viewed kindly by the communist government led by Mao Zedong, the mastermind of one of China’s most successful peasant revolts.

Ding’s memorial temple in Jinan has long since vanished his family mausoleum was razed during the Great Leap Forward in 1958 his official mansion was demolished in the early 2000s during the city’s redevelopment. However his memory is honored in a local restaurant: Shunquan Lou, which occupies the former home of Ding’s concubine, an elegant courtyard house by a canal in the center of town.

The restaurant is home to a small exhibition that includes a portrait of Ding in his imperial regalia and an account of the history of kung pao chicken. While in Jinan, it explains, Ding became known as a gastronome, employing in his kitchens two leading Shandong chefs, who whipped up a chicken dish using the local baochao cooking method (fast or “explosive” stir-frying). Ding adored it and insisted the dish be served whenever he had important guests, who — in a fascinating quirk of history — included General Zuo Zongtang, the real General Tso.

When I was in Jinan in February, one veteran chef, Li Jianguo, invited me into the kitchens of his restaurant, Cuihua Lou, to learn how to make the Shandong version of stir-fried chicken: jiangbao jiding, or chicken cubes fast-fried with fermented sauce. A young chef there marinated cubes of chicken leg meat in salt, Shaoxing wine, starch and egg whites before stir-frying them with fermented soybean paste, Beijing leeks and blanched fresh walnuts. It was utterly delicious — but nothing like kung pao chicken as we know it.

Ding continued to serve stir-fried chicken at his dinner parties after his career took him to the Sichuanese capital, Chengdu. In 1876 he was appointed governor-general of Sichuan, a post he held until his death 10 years later. While he was there, according to Jinan folklore, his personal chefs tailored it to local tastes by adding handfuls of dried chiles and Sichuan pepper and a pleasing chord of sugar and vinegar.

By the time Ding arrived in Chengdu, chiles were already firmly rooted in the local cuisine. Mapo tofu was invented in the late 19th century a survey of Chengdu life and customs published in 1908 listed a number of spicy dishes that were part of the local culinary repertoire at the time, including chicken with chiles (lazi ji), numbing-and-hot sea cucumber and sour-and-hot squid (although the text makes no mention of kung pao chicken).

In today’s Chengdu, kung pao chicken is made by tossing cubes of breast meat in a hot wok with dried chiles, Sichuan peppercorns, white spring onion, ginger, garlic, crisp peanuts and a glossy sauce mixed to a particular degree of sweet-and-sour known as “lychee-flavored” because of its resemblance to the fruit. The layering of flavors and stimulating, but not overpowering, chile heat are typical of Chengdu cooking.

It’s not clear when the dish appeared on the local food scene. There is no kung pao chicken in the earliest official Sichuan cookbook, published in 1960 (although, curiously, the book includes “kung pao pig’s kidneys” made using exactly the same method). The dish was clearly established before the Cultural Revolution, because a cookbook published in 1972, at the height of the movement, includes the recipe as we know it today — although, because of the fanatical political correctness of the time, it is purged of association with an imperial bureaucrat and simply named “scorched chile chicken cubes (hula jiding),” with a discreet note mentioning it was “originally” known as “kung pao chicken.”

Ocean Star Restaurant on Atlantic Boulevard in Monterey Park opened its massive dining room in 1982.

In his 1937 novel “The Great Wave,” the acclaimed Chengdu writer Li Jieren mentioned Ding’s penchant for chicken and suggested his favorite recipe was an adaptation of a dish from his home province, Guizhou: “While he was in Sichuan … the Sichuan governor Ding Baozhen, a native of Guizhou, liked to eat the stir-fried chicken with chiles cooked by people in his hometown.” This, perhaps, is the best clue as to the true origins of the dish.

Ding grew up in rural Guizhou, in Zhijin county, formerly known as Pingyun. As a young scholar, he taught in an academy (which is now a Ding Baozhen museum, complete with an imposing statue of the man). The county town is sleepy and charming. During the chile season, carpets of bright scarlet chiles are laid out to dry on old stone bridges, while women nearby sell slabs of stinking tofu packed in rice straw.

Like the Sichuanese, the people of Guizhou famously adore spicy food, but their favorite chile preparation is unique to the region.

Sticky rice cake chile paste (ciba lajiao) is made by soaking dried chiles — a wrinkled local variety — in hot water, then pounding them with garlic and ginger: the stickiness of the paste explains its curious name. Ciba chiles are used in all kinds of Guizhou dishes, including the local version of kung pao chicken, which has a slightly different name from the Sichuanese dish: gongbao ji (kung pao chicken) rather than gongbao jiding (kung pao chicken cubes).

One afternoon, the leading local chef and prolific cookbook author Wu Maozhao took me out to taste it in Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou. We went to Wu Gong Bao, a restaurant named after a master of the art of cooking kung pao chicken (the late chef Wu Zuowen, who was the uncle of the restaurant’s current head chef).

After we’d tasted 15 other delicious dishes, the piece de resistance arrived: kung pao chicken, Guizhou-style — a pile of chicken chunks in a glossy scarlet sauce thick with ciba chiles. It was made with chicken leg meat rather than the typical Sichuanese breast and basked in a pool of red oil there were no peanuts, dried chiles or Sichuan pepper to be seen.

The dish was gorgeously tasty, gently piquant rather than overpoweringly spicy, with just a hint of sourness.

“As you can taste,” said my host, Wu “our dish has a jiangla — spicy fermented sauce — flavor because of the use of sweet flour sauce and ciba chiles, so the overall effect is purer and less mixed than the Sichuan version.”

Although the nationwide and now global popularity of Sichuanese food has ensured that Chengdu gong bao chicken hogs the limelight, the people of Guizhou are crazy about their version of the dish, which is just one of a variety of gong bao dishes, all cooked with scarlet ciba chiles. At Wu Gong Bao, you can also eat gong bao pig’s stomach, gong bao shrimp, gong bao pork kidneys, gong bao pork liver, gong bao potatoes and gong bao rice jelly. In some parts of rural Guizhou, gong bao pork is an essential festive dish.

This version of mapo tofu from famed Chinese chef Yu Bo combines fiery, numbing spice with creamy avocado — yes, avocado.

Born in the dust bowl days

In 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act (or Duck Stamp Act), and an increasingly concerned nation took firm action to stop the destruction of wetlands vital to the survival of migratory waterfowl. Under the act, all waterfowl hunters 16 years of age and over must annually buy and carry a Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp - better known today as a Federal Duck Stamp.

Ninety-eight cents of every duck stamp dollar goes directly into the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund to purchase or lease (14.6MB) wetlands and wildlife habitat for inclusion in the National Wildlife Refuge System. This ensures there will be land for wildlife and humans that will be protected for generations to come.

Since 1934, some $800 million dollars has gone into that fund to protect more than 5.7 million acres (101.8KB) of habitat. Little wonder the Federal Duck Stamp Program has been called one of the most successful conservation programs ever initiated. One of the reasons for the Duck Stamp's success is that anyone can buy the stamp, which can also be used as an annual "pass" to national wildlife refuges charging entrance fees.

Ding - History

Legend of the Ding Dong Daddy

What is a Ding Dong Daddy?

This is the question most visitors to Dumas, Texas ask after arriving in the county seat city of Moore County, lodged in the near northwestern top of the Texas Panhandle.

Let’s go back to the beginning – First of all, the man who first developed the town was named Louis Dumas and the town was his namesake. This all took place in the late 1800’s as the Texas Panhandle was one of the final areas of the State of Texas to be developed from the raw prairie.

Dumas, the town developer, stayed in the city with his name only a short time, but the name remains to this day. And, what began as a dusty crossroads on the prairie above the “big blues” north and west of Amarillo above the Canadian River began to grow. First, the town was given little chance to survive, but the pioneer-stock was hardy stuff and they stuck it out. The small village was only 571 souls in the 1920’s and late in that decade a man who was to become a moderately successful band leader and song writer, Phil Baxter, chanced upon Dumas. He spent a few weeks in Dumas getting acquainted and after he had a steak continued his journey. Less than a year later Baxter penned the words and tune to a song which he named “I’m a Ding Dong Daddy from Dumas.”

The catchy song gained national recognition when Phil Harris, band leader for the Jack Benny Radio Show, recorded the song.

Dumas, like many smaller towns, grew and prospered during the years prior to and during World War II. During this time several industrial plants had been constructed and the town boasted 2,117 population in 1940. Shortly after the end of World War II, local Dumas residents organized and began operations of radio station KDDD. The three “D’s” came from the song – I’m a Ding Dong Daddy from Dumas.

Radio station KDDD used the song as its theme song and later early radio station manager, and later owner, Ken Duke, commission an Amarillo commercial artist, Hut Hutson, to create an image of the Ding Dong Daddy of the song.

As a result, Hutson created the caricature that is the “Ding Dong Daddy from Dumas” complete with radio microphone. The radio station copyrighted the caricature and used it as its trademark. The little Ding Dong Daddy became popular and in the early 1950’s KDDD loaned the logo to the Dumas Chamber of Commerce for use in promoting Dumas, with the provision that the logo not be used by any commercial business other than to boost Dumas.

A few years later, the Chamber of Commerce created a counterpart, giving life to the Ding Dong Dolly from Dumas.

Plastic pins of both the “Daddy” and “Dolly” have been give wide distribution over most of the Free World as Dumas residents have traveled and given away the small caricatures of plastic.

Today, the Moore County Historical Museum has on display the original artwork of the “Ding Dong Daddy from Dumas”, along with an autographed copy of the sheet music by Phil Baxter. Also a copy on tape of the portion of a radio broadcast interview with song writer Phil Baxter and KDDD’s Ken Duke made during the Dumas Dogie Day celebration in June, 1957.

So, you can see that there really is a “Ding Dong Daddy from Dumas” and holding or wearing one of the Daddy pins gives the owner an attitude of being a part of the great heritage of the Panhandle of Dumas, Texas.

Watch the video: FEUERSCHWANZ ft. Melissa Bonny - Ding SEEED Cover. Napalm Records (February 2023).

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