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No. 124 'Baroda' Squadron (RAF): Second World War

No. 124 'Baroda' Squadron (RAF): Second World War


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No. 124 Squadron (RAF) during the Second World War

Aircraft - Locations - Group and Duty - Books

No.124 Squadron was a fighter squadron that served as a high-altitude interception unit, before joining Fighter Command to carry out bomber escort duties, ending the war attacking V-2 sites.

The squadron reformed at Castletown on 10 May 1941 with eighteen Spitfire Is. It became operational on 29 June as part of the defences of the naval base at Scapa Flow. The Spitfire Is were replaced by IIBs in October, but were only retained for a month. In mid-November the squadron moved south to Biggin Hill where it took over some Spitfire Vs and began to fly convoy patrols. During this period the squadron took part in the attempts to stop the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau moving up the channel from French to German waters. The convoy patrols were replaced by bomber escort missions over France, and this role continued to the end of 1941.

During the summer of 1942 the squadron received the high altitude Spitfire VI, becoming operational in July 1942. The squadron briefly moved to Drem at the end of the year, returning south to Northolt in January 1943. Once there it absorbed SS Flight, which had been engaged in the interception of high altitude Junkers Ju 86Ps. The Spitfire VII entered service in March 1943, and the squadron spent most of the next year scattered across the West Country.,

In March 1944 the squadron joined No.141 Wing at Church Fenton, part of the Second Tactical Air Force. The squadron flew escort missions for the bombers of No.2 Group and B-17s of the USAAF until D-Day.

In July 1944 the squadron received the Spitfire IX, and in August it joined Fighter Command. For the rest of 1944 it carried out bomber escort duties, before in February 1945 switching to attacks on V-2 sites in the Netherlands and shipping reconnaissance. The last war operations came on 24 April 1945.

In July the squadron received the Meteor jet, becoming operational on 2 October 1945. On 1 April 1946 it was renumbered as No.56 Squadron.

Aircraft
May-October 1941: Supermarine Spitfire I
October-November 1941: Supermarine Spitfire IIA
November 1941-July 1942: Supermarine Spitfire VB
July 1942-March 1943: Supermarine Spitfire VI
March 1943-July 1944: Supermarine Spitfire VII
July 1944-July 1945: Supermarine Spitfire IX
July 1945-April 1946: Gloster Meteor F.3

Location
May-November 1941: Castletown
November 1941-May 1942: Biggin Hill
May-June 1942: Gravesend
June-July 1942: Eastchurch
July 1942: Martlesham Heath
July 1942: Gravesend
July-August 1942: Debden
August 1942: Debden
September-October 1942: Tangmere
October-November 1942: Westhampnett
November-December 1942: North Weald
December 1942: Martlesham Heath
December 1942-January 1943: Drem
January-March 1943: Martlesham Heath
March 1943: Croughton
March 1943: Duxford
March-July 1943: North Weald
April-May 1943: Detachment to Colerne
May-June 1943: Detachment to Exeter
June-July 1943: Detachment to Ibsley
July 1943: Detachment to Exeter
July 1943: Detachment to Fairwood Common
July 1943: Detachment to Exeter
July-September 1943: Northolt
September 1943-March 1944: West Malling
March-April 1944: Church Fenton
April-July 1944: Bradwell Bay
July-August 1944: Detling
August-September 1944: Westhampnett
September 1944-February 1945: Manston
February-April 1945: Coltishall
April 1945: Hawkinge
April-June 1945: Hutton Cranswick
June-July 1945: Bradwell Bay
July 1945: Hutton Cranswick
July-October 1945: Molesworth
October 1945-February 1946: Bentwaters
February-March 1946: Fairwood Common
March-April 1946: Bentwaters

Squadron Codes: ON

Duty
High Altitude Interception then Fighter Command

Books

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No. 124 Wing RAF

On 10 June 1944 the wing took part in the Attack on Panzer Group West's headquarters at La Caine. Prior to the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, the headquarters of Panzer Group West was established in the Chateau at La Caine. On 9 June 1944, three days after the Normandy landings, the headquarters' location was revealed to British Intelligence by deciphering of German signals traffic. Ώ] On 10 June 1944, aircraft of the Second Tactical Air Force bombed the village. Ώ] The raid was carried out by 40 rocket-armed Typhoons of No. 124 Wing (consisting of Nos. 181, 182 and 247 Squadrons) which attacked in three waves from low altitude and by 61 Mitchells of No. 137 and 139 Wings (comprising Nos 226, 98, 180 and 320 Squadrons) which dropped 500 lb bombs from 12,000 ft. ΐ]

According to the Air of Authority website on the RAF, the wing was active from 12/5/44 - 30/4/46 (as a Rocket Projectile unit) and from 1 April 1953 - 2/10/57 as a fighter unit. Α]

On 1 July 1956, the wing was part of No. 2 Group RAF, RAF Second Tactical Air Force and located at RAF Oldenburg. Β] It comprised No. 14 Squadron RAF, 20 Squadron, and 26 Squadron, all flying Hawker Hunters.


Notes

Royal Air Force Leeming or RAF Leeming is a Royal Air Force station located near Leeming, North Yorkshire, England. It was opened in 1940 and was jointly used by the RAF and the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). Between 1950 and 1991, it operated mostly as a training base with Quick Reaction Force (QRF) Tornado F3 fighters based there in the latter stages of the Cold War and into the early 21st century. Since 2006, it has become the home of the deployable RAF communications cadre and the home of No. 135 Expeditionary Air Wing.

Number 39 Squadron of the Royal Air Force operates the General Atomics MQ-9A Reaper from Creech AFB, Nevada, since reforming in January 2007. It had previously been operating English Electric Canberra PR.7s, PR.9s and T.4s from RAF Marham, Norfolk, as No. 39 Squadron between July 1992 and July 2006.

No. 201 Squadron of the Royal Air Force, until March 2010, operated the Nimrod MR2, based at RAF Kinloss, Moray. It is the only squadron affiliated with Guernsey, in the Channel Islands. This affiliation started in 1935 and is commemorated in the museum on Castle Cornet. Its history goes even further back than the RAF itself, being formed originally as No. 1 Squadron RNAS on 17 Oct 1914. The squadron will stand up again in 2021 as the second squadron equipped with the P-8A Poseidon anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft.

No. 683 Squadron RAF was a photo-reconnaissance squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

No. 631 Squadron RAF was an anti-aircraft co-operation squadron of the Royal Air Force from 1943 to 1949.

The designation No. 69 Squadron has been used by the Royal Air Force for two quite different units.

No. 357 Squadron was a special operations squadron of the Royal Air Force. During the Second World War it was involved in supplying Allied ground forces operating behind enemy lines, in the South-East Asian theatre.

No. 264 Squadron RAF, also known as No. 264 Squadron, was a squadron of the Royal Air Force.

No. 611 Squadron is a British Royal Air Force squadron. It was first formed in 1936 and was disbanded in 1957 after seeing combat as a fighter unit during the Second World War. It was reformed as a reserve squadron in 2013.

No. 575 Squadron RAF was a transport squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

No. 274 Squadron RAF existed briefly in 1918 and 1919 as a patrol and bomber squadron, and served in World War II as a fighter squadron.

No. 80 Squadron RAF was a Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force squadron active from 1917 until 1969. It was operative during both World War I and World War II.

No. 669 Squadron RAF was a glider squadron of the Royal Air Force active during the Second World War.

Number 88 Squadron was an aircraft squadron of the Royal Air Force. It was formed at Gosport, Hampshire in July 1917 as a Royal Flying Corps (RFC) squadron.

No. 604 Squadron RAF was a squadron of the Royal Air Force noted for its pioneering role the development of radar-controlled night-fighter operations. The squadron was established in March 1930 at RAF Hendon as a day-bomber squadron of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. In July 1934, the squadron transitioned to two-seat fighters. Shortly after the commencement of World War II in 1939, the squadron was reassigned to a night-fighter role.

No. 229 Squadron RAF was a squadron of the Royal Air Force, and is an officially accredited Battle of Britain Squadron. It became No. 603 Squadron RAF in January 1945.

194 Squadron RAF, though formed as a training unit in Egypt and ended as a casualty evacuation unit in Malaya, was for most of its active service life a RAF transport squadron that flew in South East Asia.

No. 196 Squadron was a Royal Air Force squadron originally formed as a training unit during World War I. It was active during World War II in Nos. 3, 4 and 38 Group RAF. It served first as a bomber squadron and later as an airborne support and transport unit.

No. 318 "City of Gdańsk" Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron (Polish: 318 Dywizjon Myśliwsko-Rozpoznawczy Gdański") was a Polish tactical reconnaissance aircraft squadron formed in Great Britain as part of an agreement between the Polish Government in Exile and the United Kingdom in 1940. It was one of several Polish squadrons fighting alongside the Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War II.

Royal Air Force Pembroke Dock or more simply RAF Pembroke Dock was a Royal Air Force Seaplane and Flying Boat station located at Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, Wales. The Royal Navy contingent left in 1926 with the Royal Air Force occupying the site from 1 January 1930. During the initial stages of the Second World War, it became the home of two Dutch flying boats and their squadron personnel as well as hosting RAF, Fleet Air Arm, Canadian, Royal Australian Air Force and United States naval crews.


Second World War

Its first commander was Air Marshal Sir John d'Albiac, who, on 21 January 1944, was succeeded by the man most associated with Second TAF, Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham. Coningham had great experience of the type of operations required for supporting fast moving ground warfare due to his command of the Desert Air Force in North Africa and Italy. He honed Second TAF into a command up to the challenges presented to it, and incorporated many of the lessons from Italy, including the use of the "cab rank" system for aircraft for close air support, into the doctrine of Second TAF.

By this late stage in the war, the Luftwaffe was but a pale shadow of the organisation it had once been. Mostly Second TAF spent its time supporting the British and Canadian forces on the left flank of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force's command. One notable exception was the last great attack of the Luftwaffe, Operation Bodenplatte, mounted on New Year's Day 1945, when the Second TAF suffered serious losses on the ground.

In February 1945 No. 87 Group RAF was established, a transport formation. It became part of 2nd TAF/BAFO, but was reduced to No. 87 Wing RAF on 15 July 1946. [ 3 ]


Air Force (Canada) History

HEADQUARTERS
Air Force Headquarters
Badge In front of a circle inscribed with the motto PER ARDUA AD ASTRA
and ensigned with the Imperial
Crown, an eagle volant affronte the
head to the sinister. Beneath the
whole upon a scroll the words “Royal
Canadian Air Force”
Motto Per ardua ad astra (Through
adversity to the stars)
Authority King George VI, January
1943
The badge for the RCAF was based
on that of the RAF and is very
similar except for the head of the eagle to the sinister and a scroll below with the words ‘Royal Canadian Air Force’.
The motto PER ARDUA AD ASTRA can be assigned to no
author but is said to be derived from a line of Seneca AD ASTRA NULLA EST MOLLIS A TERRA VIA (There is no easy road from earth to heaven). The motto has been given several
similar translations, the most preferable being “THROUGH ADVERSITY TO THE STARS” as it leaves one to imagine in
English that the “stars” may stand for “glory,” “heights,” or “success.”
Formed as Canadian Air Force Headquarters at Ottawa,
Ontario on 18 February 1920 redesignated Royal Canadian Air Force Headquarters on 1 April 1924 redesignated Air Force Headquarters 31 August 1939 ceased to exist on the formation of Canadian Forces Headquarters on 1 August
1964.1
Directors, CAF
AIC A.K. Tylee, OBE 17 May 20 -21 Mar 21.
W/C R.F. Redpath 22 Mar 21 -12 Jul 21.
WIC J.S. Scott, MC. AFC 13 Jul 21 -30 Jun 22.
W!C J.L. Gordon, DFC 1 Jul 22 -31 Mar 24.
Directors, RCAF
W/C W.G. Barker, VC, DSO, MC 1 Apr 24 -18 May 24. GIC J.S. Scott, MC, AFC 19 May 24 -14 Feb 28.
WIC L.S. Breadner, DSC 15 Feb 28 -29 Apr 32.
SIL A.A.L. Cuffe 30 Apr 32 -31 Oct 32.
Senior Air Officers
GIC J.L. Gordon, DFC 1 Nov 32 -31 May 33.

Chiefs of the Air Staf f2
A/VIM G.M. Croil, AFC 15 Dec 38 -28 May 40.
AIM L.S. Breadner, CB, DSC 29 May 40 -31 Dec 43.
AIM R. Leckie, CB, DSO, DSC, DFC 1 Jan 44 –
31 Aug 47.
AIM W.A. Curtis, CB, CBE, DSC, ED 1 Sep 47 -31 Jan 53.
AIM C.R. Siemon, CB, CBE, CD 1 Feb 53 -31 Aug 57.
AIM H. Campbell, CBE, CD 1 Sep 57 -14 Sep 62.
AIM C.R. Dunlap, CBE, CD 15 Sep 62 -31 Jul 64.
1
The RCAF itself continued to exist until 1 February 1968 when the Cana­dian Forces Reorganization Act came into effect.
‘Responsible directly to the Minister of National Defence -not, as in the case of the Senior Air Officer. through the Chief of the General Staff
(Army).
RCAF Overseas Headquarters

Badge In front of a hurt an eagle
volant carrying in the claw a sprig of
maple
Motto Omni caelo (In every sky)
Authority King George VI, June 1944
The hurt, or blue disk, represents the
sea or sky over which the eagle is
carrying the maple of Canada.
Formed at London, England on 1
January 1940, the headquarters exer­
cised administrative control over all
RCAF personnel and units overseas
and acted on behalf of the RCAF on
all matters pertaining to their employment disbanded on 22 July 1946.
Commanders’
W/C F.V. Heakes 1 Jan 40 -6 Mar 40.
AIC G.V. Walsh, MBE 7 Mar 40 -15 Oct 40.
A/C L.F. Stevenson 16 Oct 40 -23 Nov 41.
AIM H. Edwards, CB 24 Nov 41 -31 Dec 43.
AIM L.S. Breadner, CB, DSC 1 Jan 44 -31 Mar 45 ret. AIM G.O. Johnson, CB, MC 1 Apr 45 -22 Jul 46.

COMMANDS
Air Defence Command

Badge In front of two rays of light­
ning a long-tailed jaeger volant
Motto Detegere et des true re (To
detect and to destroy)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II,
November 1954
The jaeger is indicative of defending
aircraft and the rays of lightnng
represent radar and other electronics
of the Command.
Formed as No. 1 Air Defence Group
at Air Force Headquarters,
Ottawa, Ontario on 1 December 1948 moved to
St Hubert, Quebec on 1 November 1949 and declared operational on the 23rd elevated to Air Defence Command on 1 June 1951 integrated into North American Air Defence (NORAD) Command on 12 September 1957 moved to North Bay, Ontario in August 1966 integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 February 1968. Commanders
No. 1 Air Defence Group:
GIC W.R. MacBrien, OBE, CD 1 Dec 48 – 31 May 51.
Air Defence Command:
A/VIM C.R. Dunlap, CBE, CD 1 Jun 51 – 31 Aug 51.
A/VIM A.L James, CBE, CD 1 Sep 51 – 31 Aug 54.
A/VIM LE. Wray, OBE, AFC, CD 17 Jan 55 – 21 Aug 58. A/VIM W.R. MacBrien, OBE, CD 22 Aug 58 – 31 Aug 62. A/VIM M.M. Hendrick, OBE, CD 1 Sep 62 – 30 Aug 64 ret.
A/VIM M.D. Lister, CD 31 Aug 64 – 31 Mar 66.
A/VIM M.E. Pollard, DSO, DFC, AFC, CD 1 Apr 66 – 31 Jan 68.

Air Materiel Command
Badge In front of a Terrestrial Globe supported by a gauntleted hand an Astral Crown
Motto Sustinemus (We support) Authority Queen Elizabeth II, Oc­tober 1964
The Terrestrial Globe supported by a gauntleted hand is to represent the support given by the Command to the RCAF across the world. The Astral Crown is to indicate Com­mand status.

Formed as Maintenance Command at Uplands (Ottawa), Ontario on 1 October 1945 moved to No. 8 Temporary Building, Ottawa, Ontario on 15 March 1947 moved to Rockcliffe (Ottawa), Ontario and renamed Air Materiel Command on 1 April 1949 disbanded on 1 August 1965 on the formation of the Canadian Forces Materiel Com­mand.
Commanders
A/VIM R.E. McBurney, CBE 1 Oct 45 – 23 Jun 46.
AIC F.R. Miller, CBE 24 Jun 46 – 4 Aug 48.
A/VIM R.E. McBumey, CBE 5 Aug 48 – 31 Dec 51 ret. A/VIM H.B. Godwin, CBE, CD 1 Jan 52 – 19 Jul 55.
A/VIM J.L Plant, CBE, AFC, CD 20 Jul 55 – 31 Aug 56 ret.
A/VIM R.C. Ripley, OBE, CD 1 Sep 56 – 1 Mar 57 KIFA. A/V /M C.A. Cook, OBE, CD 2 Mar 57 – 24 Jul 58 died. A/VIM C.L Annis, OBE, CD 1 Jan 59 – 9 Sep 62.
A/VIM J.B. Millward, DFC, CD 10 Sep 62 – 1 Aug 65.
Air Training Command
Formed as Training Group at Camp Borden, Ontario on 1 April 1935 moved to Trenton, Ontario on 1 September 1937 elevated to Air Training Command on 15 September 1938 moved to Toronto, Ontario on 1 October 1938 disbanded on 1 January 1940 on the formation of No. 1 Training Command of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.
Commanders
GIC A.E. Godfrey, MC, AFC, VD 17 Oct 38 – 15 Dec 38. AIC A.AL Cuffe 16 Dec 38 – 1 Jan 40.

Air Transport Command
Badge An albatross flying in front of a Terrestrial Globe
Motto Versatile and ready
Authority Queen Elizabeth II,
December 1959
To symbolize the widespread opera­tions of the Command over land and sea.
Formed within Air Force Head­
quarters as the Directorate of Air
Transport Command at Ottawa, On­tario on S August 1943 redesignated No. 9 (Transport) Group and moved

to Rockcliffe (Ottawa), Ontario on S February 1945 as an autonomous headquarters elevated to Air Transport Com­mand on 1 April 1948 moved to Lachine (Montreal),
Quebec on 9 August 1951, then to Trenton, Ontario on 1 September 1959 integrated into the Canadian Armed
Forces on 1 February 1968.
Commanders
Directorate of Air Transport Command:
GIC Z.L. Leigh, OBE S Aug 43 – 4 Feb 45.
No. 9 (Transport) Group:
GIC Z.L. Leigh, OBE 5 Feb 45 – 31 May 45.
AIC J.L. Plant, CBE 1 Jun 45 – 4 Feb 46.
AIC L.E. Wray, OBE, AFC 5 Feb 46 – 31 Mar 48.
Air Transport Command:
NC L.E. Wray, OBE, AFC 1 Apr 48 – 15 Aug 48.
AIC A.O. Ross, GC, CBE, CD 16 Aug 48 – 3 Aug 51.
NC R.C. Ripley, OBE, CD 4 Aug 51 – 17 Nov 53.
AIC H.M. Carscallen, DFC, CD 26 Jul 54 – s Aug 56.
NC F.S. Carpenter, AFC, CD 6 Aug 56 – 26 Jun 61.
NC R.J. Lane, DSO, DFC and Bar, CD 27 Jun 61 –
27 Dec 65.
NC G.G. Diamond, AFC, CD 28 Dec 61 – 14 Apr 67 ret. AIC A.C. Hull, DFC, CD 15 Apr 67 – 31 Jan 68.

Central Air Command
Formed at Trenton, Ontario on 1 March 1947 on the
disbandment of No. 1 Air Command was one of the two geographical air commands of the peacetime establishment, and controlled No. 10 Group (formerly Eastern Air Com­mand) at Halifax, Nova Scotia disbanded on 1 April 1949 on the formation of Training Command.
Commanders
NV/M E.E. Middleton, CBE 1 Mar 47 – 1 Apr 49.
Eastern Air Command
Formed at Halifax, Nova Scotia on 15 November 1938
during the Second World War, it operated both as a com­mand and as an operational group headquarters, as well as controlling No. 1 Group at St. John’s, Newfoundland and No. S (Gulf) Group at Gaspe, Quebec it also administered No. 12 (Operational Training) Group at Halifax disbanded on 1 March 1947 on the formation of No. 10 Group of
Central Air Command.
Commanders
NVIM N.R. Anderson 17 Dec 38 – 17 Feb 42.
A/VIM A.A.L. Cuffe 18 Feb 42 – 13 Jan 43.
A/VIM G.O. Johnson, CB, MC 14 Jan 43 – 19 Mar 45.
A/VIM A.L. Morfee, CB, CBE 20 Mar 45 – 1 Mar 47.
Maritime Air Command

Badge Two Osprey heads conjoined
and issuant from an Astral Crown
Motto Over the seas
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, June
1964
The Osprey like the Command ranges
over a wide area including both
coasts of Canada. The Osprey is a
powerful bird with keen eyesight. It
seldom misses its prey. The two
heads shown issuant from an Astral
Crown indicates watchfulness over
the coastal areas. The Astral Crown
indicates Command status. The motto indicates the area of operation.
Formed at Halifax, Nova Scotia as No. 10 Group of Cen­tral Air Command on 1 March 1947 on the disbandment of Eastern Air Command redesignated Maritime Group on 1 April 1949 and became autonomous on 15 January 1951 elevated to Maritime Air Command on 1 June 1953
disbanded on 16 January 1966 on the formation of Cana­dian Forces Maritime Command.
Commanders
No. 10 Group, Central Air Command:
NC F.G. Wait, CBE 31 May 47 – 31 Mar 49.
Maritime Group:
AIC F.G. Wait, CBE 1 Apr 49 – 12 Dec 49.
AIC R.C. Gordon, CBE, CD 24 Jan SO – 8 Aug 51.
AIC A.O. Ross, GC, CBE, CD 9 Aug 51 – 31 May 53.
Maritime Air Command
NC A.O. Ross, GC, CBE, CD 1 Jun 53 – 6 Aug 54.

AIC W.I. Clements, OBE, CD 11 Jul 58 – 31 Jul 63 ret. NC F.S. Carpenter, AFC, CD 1 Aug 63 -30 Aug 65. NC R.A. Gordon, DSC, DFC, CD 13 Sep 65 – 16 Jan 66.
Maintenance Command
see Air Materiel Command
North West Air Command
Formed as the North West Staging Route at Edmonton, Alberta on 15 October 1942 under No. 4 Training Com­mand of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan redesignated No. 2 Wing of Western Air Command on 1 January 1944 elevated to Command status and renamed North West Air Command on 1 June 1944 retained in the peacetime organization as one of the two geographical air commands, and controlled No. 11 Group at Winnipeg, Manitoba and No. 12 Group at Vancouver, British Colum­bia was disbanded on 1 August 1951, when it was ab­sorbed by Tactical Group (formerly No. 11 Group) to form Tactical Air Group (later Tactical Air Command). Commanders
North West Staging Route:
W!C C.M.G. Farrell, DFC 15 Oct 42 -31 Dec 42.
W/C W.J. McFarlane, 1 Jan 43 -31 Dec 43.
GIC V.H. Petriarche, AFC 1 Jan 44 -25 Feb 44.
No. 2 Wing:
G/C V.H. Petriarche, AFC 26 Feb 44 -31 Mar 44.
North West Air Command:
A/VIM T.A. Lawrence, CB 1 Jun 44 -15 Sep 46.
AIC R.C. Gordon, CBE 16 Sep 46 -12 Mar 47.
A/VIM K.M. Guthrie, CB, CBE 13 Mar 47 – 31 Mar 49 ret. A/VIM H.L. Campbell, CBE 1 Apr 49 – 3 Nov 49.
A/VIM C.R. Dunlap, CBE, CD 4 Nov 49 – 30 May 51. NC W.E. Bennett, CD 31 May 51 -1 Aug 51.
Tactical Air Command
Badge A demi-polar bear issuant from
an Astral Crown.
Motto Custos Borealis (Guardians of
the North)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, Octo­
ber 1954
The Astral Crown denotes a Com­
mand and the demi-polar bear is sug­
gestive of its operational role within
the northern boundaries of Canada.
Formed as No. 11 Group of North
West Air Command at Winnipeg,
Manitoba on 1 March 1947 redesig-
nated Tactical Group on 1 April 1949 became autonomous on 15 January 1951 moved to Edmonton, Alberta and merged with North West Air Command on 1 August 1951 to form Tactical Air Group elevated to Tactical Air Com­mand on 1 June 1953 disbanded on 1 January 1959. Commanders
No. 11 Group (later Tactical Group):
A/C M. Costello, CBE, CD 8 Mar 47 – 23 May 51. Tactical Air Group:
NC W.E. Bennett, CD 1 Aug 51 – 27 Nov 51.

AIC J.G. Kerr, CBE, AFC, CD 28 Feb 52 -17 Dec 52. NC S.W. Coleman, CD 18 Dec 52 – 31 May 53. Tactical Air Command:
AIC S.W. Coleman, CD 1 Jun 53 -8 Nov 55.
GIC H.G. Richards, OBE, CD 20 Nov 55 -15 Nov 58.
Training Command

Badge Issuant from an Astral Crown
two torches in saltire
Motto Exercendum usque ad op­
timum (One must train up to the
highest standard)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, July
1962
The torches are introduced to suggest
learning and the Astral Crown leader­
ship and success.
Formed at Trenton, Ontario on 1
April 1949 on the disbandment of
Central Air Command controlled
No. 14 (Training) Group at Winnipeg, Manitoba moved to Winnipeg on 11 September 1958 and absorbed No. 14 Group disbanded on 15 January 1966 on the formation of Canadian Forces Training Command.
Commanders
A/VIM E.E. Middleton, CBE 1 Apr 49 – 31 Aug 49 ret. NV/M C.R. Siemon, CB, CBE, CD 1 Sep 49 -11 Jan 53. NV!M J.G. Kerr, CBE, AFC, CD 12 Jan 53 – 31 Aug 55. A/VIM J.G. Bryans, CBE, CD 1 Sep 55 -18 Nov 60 ret. A/VIM H.M. Carscallen, DFC, CD 19 Nov 60 -25 Aug 63 ret.
NV/M C.H. Greenway, OBE, CD 26 Aug 63 – 26 Sep 65. AIC C.W. Burgess, DFC, CD 27 Sep 65 -15 Jan 66.
Western Air Command
Formed at Vancouver, British Columbia on 1 March 1938 moved to Victoria, British Columbia on 25 November 1939 and returned to Vancouver on 1 January 1943 during the Second World War, operated as both a command and an operational group headquarters, as well as controlling No. 4 Group at Prince Rupert, British Columbia and, for a short time, No. 2 Group at Victoria disbanded on 1 March 1947 on the formation of No. 12 Group of North West Air Command.
Commanders
AIC G.O. Johnson, MC 5 Apr 38 -20 Oct 39.
AIC A.E. Godfrey, MC, AFC 21 Oct 39 – 31 Dec 41. NV/M L.F. Stevenson, CB 1 Jan 42 -9 Jun 44.
A/VIM F.V. Heakes, CB 10 Jun 44 – 13 Feb 46 ret.
NV/M J.L. Plant, CBE, AFC 14 Feb 46 – 1 Mar 47.

No. 1 Air Command
Formed at Trenton, Ontario on 15 January 1945 by the
merger of No. 1 and No. 3 Training Command of the
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, as a temporary organization to cover the closing down of the BCA TP and the establishment of the peacetime command organization disbanded on 1 March 1947 on the formation of Central Air Command.
Commanders
NV/MA. Raymond, CBE 15 Jan 45 -3 Jul 45 ret.
NV/M E.E. Middleton, CBE 4 Jul 45 -1 Mar 47.
No. 2 Air Command
Badge Between two wheat sheaves a
bison’s head caboshed
Motto Servituri patriae (To serve our
country)
Authority King George VI, May 1947
The badge is symbolic of the prairie
provinces over which units of this
Command operated.
Formed at Winnipeg, Manitoba on 1
December 1944 by the merger of No.
2 and No. 4 Training Command of
the British Commonwealth Air Train-
ing Plan as a temporary organization
to cover the closing down of the BCA TP and the establish­ment of the peacetime command organization disbanded on 1 March 1947 on the formation of No. 11 Group of
North West Air Command.
Commanders
NV/M K.M. Guthrie, CB, CBE 1 Dec 44 -1 Mar 47.
AIR DIVISIONS
No. 1 Air Division Europe
Badge In front of four maple leaves
with stems joined to form a cross two
sabres in saltire
Motto Ad custodiendam Europam
(For the defence of Europe)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, June
1962
The Division’s four wings are
represented by the maple leaves and
the sabres are to signify the Division’s
fighting power and also have
reference to the Sabre aircraft with
which the wings of the unit were originally equipped.
Formally constituted at Paris, France on 1 October 1952 as an operational command of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization’s Allied Command Europe moved to Metz, France on 13 April 1953, then to Lahr, Germany on 1 April 1967 integrated into Canadian Armed Forces on 1
February 1968.

AIC F.G. Wait 27 Mar 45 – 30 Jun 45.
Higher Formation and Group Location
Eastern Air Command:
St. John’s, Nfld., 10 Jul 41 – 30 Jun 45.
No. 1 Air Defence Group
see Air Defence Command
No. 1 Group (Auxiliary)
Montreal, Quebec
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Group Montreal on 15 January 1951 redesignated No. 1 Group (Reserve) on 1 June 1951, and No. 1 Group (Auxiliary) on 1 September performed the functions of No. 11 (Operational) Wing (Auxiliary) and No. 12 (Technical Training) Wing (Auxiliary), both of which had been authorized but not formed disbanded on 15 April 1957.
Commanders
GIC L.G.G.J. Archambault, AFC, CD 1 Feb 51 – 16 Aug 53.
GIC F.R.C. Carling-Kelly, AFC, CD 17 Aug 53 – 1 Sep 55. G/C J.A.D.B. Richer, DFC, CD 2 Sep 55 – 15 Mar 57. Higher Formation and Group Location
Air Defence Command:
Montreal, Que. 15 Jan 51 – 15 Apr 57.
No. 2 Group
Western Air Command
Formed at Victoria, British Columbia on 1 January 1943 as a temporary formation to cover the move of Western Air Command Headquarters from Victoria to Vancouver disbanded on 15 March 1943.
Commanders
A/C E.L. McLeod 1 Jan 43 – 15 Mar 43.
Higher Formation and Group Location
Western Air Command:
Victoria, B.C. 1 Jan 43 – 15 Mar 43.
No. 2 Group (Auxiliary)
Toronto, Ontario
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Group Toronto on 15 January 1951 redesignated No. 2 Group (Reserve) on 1 August 1951, then No. 2 Group (Auxiliary) on 1 September con­trolled No. 14 (Operational) Wing (Auxiliary) and No. 15 (Technical Training) Wing (Auxiliary) disbanded on 1 March 1957.
Commanders
GIC G.A. Hiltz, AFC, CD 22 Jan 51 – 17 Jan 53.
GIC V.H. Patriarche, OBE, AFC, ED 18 Jan 53 – 6 Sep 54. GIC Z.L. Leigh, OBE, ED 7 Sep 54 – 12 Feb 57.
Higher Formations and Group Location
Training Command,
Air Defence Command (1 Aug 51):
Toronto, Ont. 15 Jan 51 – 1 Mar 57.

No. 4 Group
Western Air Command
Formed at Prince Rupert, British Columbia on 16 June 1942 to provide administrative and operational control of RCAF units in northern British Columbia and the Yukon dis­banded on 1 April 1944.
Commanders
GIC R.C. Gordon 16 Jun 42 – 11 Jun 43.
G/C R.H. Foss 12 Jun 43 – 1 Apr 44.
Higher Formation and Group Location
Western Air Command:
Prince Rupert, B.C. 16 Jun 42 – 1 Apr 44.
No. 5 (Gulf) Group
Eastern Air Command
Formed at Gaspe, Quebec on 1 May 1943 to integrate and control air operations over the Gulf of St. Lawrence during the shipping season inactive from 15 November 1943 to 30 April 1944, with headquarters located at Eastern Air Com­mand Headquarters, Halifax, Nova Scotia disbanded on 15 November 1944.
Commanders
GIC W.A. Orr, OBE 5 May 43 – 31 Oct 43.
W/C F.J. Ewart 1 Nov 43 – 15 Nov 44.
Higher Formation and Group Locations
Eastern Air Command:
Gaspe, Que. 1 May 43 – 14 Nov 43.
Halifax, N.S. (Group inactive) 15 Nov 43 – 30 Apr 44. Gaspe, Que. 1 May 44 – 15 Nov 44.
No. 6 (RCAF) Group
RAF Bomber Command

Badge A maple leaf superimposed on
a York rose
Motto Sollertia et ingenium (Initiative
and skill)
Authority King George VI, October
1946
The York rose symbolizes the associa­
tion with Yorkshire where the group
was formed.
Formed at Linton-on-Ouse, York­
shire, England on 25 October 1942
and moved to permanent quarters at
Allerton Park, east of Knares-
borough, on 6 December declared operational at 0001 hours on 1 January 1943 transferred to RCAF s Eastern Air Command on 14 July 1945 to reorganize and train for service in the Pacific as part of RAF “Tiger Force” disbanded on 1 September 1945.
Commanders
A/VIM G.E. Brookes, OBE 25 Oct 42 – 28 Feb 44.
A/V /M C.M. McEwen, CB, MC, DFC 29 Feb 44 –
13 Jul 45.
Main Headquarters (Halifax, N. S.):
AIC J.G. Kerr, AFC 14 Jul 45 – 1 Sep 45*.
Rear Headquarters (Allerton Park):
A/C J.L. Hurley 14 Jul 45 – 1 Sep 45.

Higher Formations and Group Locations
RAF Bomber Command:
Linton-on-Ouse, Yorks 25 Oct 42 – 5 Dec 42.
Allerton Park, Yorks 6 Dec 42 – 13 Jul 45.
(Rear Headquarters until 1 Sep 45)
RAF “Tiger Force”,
RCAF Eastern Air Command (for training):
Halifax, N.S. 14 Jul 45 – 1 Sep 45.
Operational History: First Mission 3/4 January 1943, 6 Wellingtons of No. 427 (B) Squadron laid mines off the Fri­sian Islands. First Bombing Mission 13/14 January 1943, 14 Wellingtons despatched to bomb Lorient, France 11 bombed the primary target, 2 returned early, 1 failed to return. Maximum Mission 6/7 October 1944, 293 Lan­casters and Halifaxes despatched to bomb Dortmund, Ger­many 273 bombed the primary target, 3 bombed the alter­native, 15 dropped no bombs, 2 failed to return. Last Mis­sion 25 April 1945, 102 Lancasters and 92 Halifaxes, with 160 aircraft from No. 4 Group, bombed gun positions on the Island of Wangerooge 1 Lancaster and 2 Halifaxes failed to return. Summary Sorties: 40,822. Operational Fly­ing Hours: 271,981. Bombs dropped: 126,122 tons
(including mines). Victories 116 aircraft destroyed, 24 probably destroyed, 92 damaged. Casualties: 814 aircraft 3500-plus aircrew killed or presumed dead.

Although the headquarters was being set up at Halifax, AIC Kerr operated from Ottawa during this period. 450 No. 6 (RCAF) Group Headquarters at Allerton Park, Yorks., England. Operations were planned at Aller­ton Hall from 1 January 1943.
No. 9 (Transport) Group
see Air Transport Command
No. 10 Group
see Maritime Air Command
No. 11 Group

No. 12 Group
see No. 5 Air Division
No. 12 (Operational Training) Group
Eastern Air Command
Formed at Halifax, Nova Scotia on 22 July 1942 to ad­minister and control operational training units in Eastern Air Command disbanded on 14 January 1945. Commanders
NC L.L. Maclean 22 Jul 42 – 4 May 43.
AIC W.J. Seward, CBE 5 May 43 – 30 Sep 44.
CIC G.T. Richardson 1 Oct 44 – 14 Jan 45.
Higher Formation and Group Location
Eastern Air Command:
Halifax, N.S. 22 Jul 42 – 14 Jan 45.
No. 14 (Training) Group
Training Command
Formed at Winnipeg, Manitoba on 1 August 1951 to ad­minister and control training facilities reactivated in the Prairie Provinces to train North Atlantic Treaty Organiza­tion aircrew absorbed into Training Command Head­quarters when the latter moved to Winnipeg on 11 September 1959.
Commanders
AIC J.C. Bryans, CBE, CD 1 Aug 51 – 31 Aug 55.
NC H.H.C. Rutledge, OBE, CD 1 Sep 55 – 11 Sep 59. Higher Formation and Group Location
Training Command :
Winnipeg, Man. 1 Aug 51 – 11 Sep 59.
SECTORS
No. 17 Sector
RAF Second Tactical Air Force
Formed as No. 17 (Fighter) Wing at Headcorn, Kent, England on 4 July 1943 to administer and control No. 126 and No. 127 Airfield, plus No. 144 Airfield as of 21 April 1944 redesignated No. 17 Sector at Kenley, Surrey on 15 May 1944 when airfields became wings disbanded at Crepon, France on 13 July 1944 on the reorganization of Second Tactical Air Force.
Commanders
G/C W.R. MacBrien 4 Jul 43 – 13 Jul 44.
Higher Formations and Sector Locations
Tactical Air Force Fighter Command, renamed
Second Tactical Air Force (15 Nov 43):
No. 83 (Composite) Group,
Headcorn, Kent 4 Jul 43 – 13 Oct 43.
Kenley, Surrey 14 Oct 43 – 5 Jun 44.
En route to Europe, 6 Jun 44 – 13 Jun 44.
B,(Base) 2 Crepon, Fr. 14 Jun 44 -13 Jul 44.

No. 22 Sector
RAF Second Tactical Air Force
Formed as No. 22 (Fighter) Wing at Ayr, Scotland on 9 January 1944 to administer and control No. 143 and No. 144 Airfield reorganized as a Fighter Bomber formation on 16 April 1944, when it absorbed No. 16 (RAF) Wing along with No. 121 and No. 124 (RAF) Airfield, (No. 144 Airfield was transferred to No. 17 (Fighter) Wing) redesignated No. 22 Sector at Hurn, Hampshire, England on 15 May 1944 when airfields became wings disbanded at Camilly, France on 13 July 1944 on the reorganization of Second Tactical Air Force.
Commanders
GIC P.Y. Davoud, DSO, DFC 9 Jan 44 – 13 Jul 44.
Higher Formations and Sector Locations
Air Defence Great Britain:
No. 12 Group,
Ayr, Scot. 9 Jan 44 – 20 Feb 44.
Digby, Lines. 21 Feb 44 – 16 Mar 44.
Hurn, Hants. 17 Mar 44.
Second Tactical Air Force:
No. 83 (Composite) Group,
Hurn, Hants. 18 Mar 44 – 25 Mar 44.
Westhampnett, Sussex 26 Mar 44 – 15 Apr 44.
Hurn, Hants. 16 Apr 44 – 5 Jun 44.
En route to Europe 6 Jun 44 – 15 Jun 44.
B.(Base) 5 Le Fresne, Fr. 16 Jun 44 – 13 Jul 44.
BASES
No. 61 (Training) Base
No. 6 (RCAF) Group
Formed as Topcliffe Operational Base with headquarters at Topcliffe, Yorkshire, England on 1 March 1943, controlling RCAF Stations T opcliffe, Dishforth and Dalton redesignated No. 6 (RCAF) Group Training Base on 30 April 1943, then No. 61 (Training) Base on 16 September, when it added RCAF Station Wombleton transferred to No. 7 (Training) Group and renumbered No. 76 (RCAF) Training Base on 9 November 1944 disbanded on 1 September 1945.
Commanders
NC C.M. McEwen, MC, DFC 5 Apr 43 – 25 Jun 43.
NC B.F. Johnson 26 Jun 43 – 16 Feb 44.
NC R.E. McBumey, AFC 17 Feb 44 – 15 May 44.
AIC F.G. Wait 16 May 44 – 7 Aug 44.
AIC J.L. Hurley 1 Sep 44 – 18 Sep 44.
NC F.R. Miller 19 Sep 44 – 12 Jan 45.
NC J.G. Kerr, AFC 13 Jan 45 – 30 May 45.
AIC N.W. Timmerman, DSO, DFC 1 Aug 45 – 1 Sep 45. Higher Formations and Base Location
Bomber Command:
No. 6 (RCAF) Group,
No. 7 (Training) Group (9 Nov 44),
Topcliffe, Yorks. 1 Mar 43 – 1 Sep 45.

No.62 “Beaver” (Operational) Base
No. 6 (RCAF) Group

Badge On a rock a beaver gnawing a
log
Motto Ad opus diligenter (To the
task with diligence)
Authority King George VI, September
1944
Formed as Linton-on-Ouse Opera­
tional Base with headquarters at
Linton-on-Ouse, Yorkshire, England
on 1 June 1943, controlling RCAF
Stations Linton-on-Ouse, East Moor
and Tholthorpe redesignated No. 62
“Beaver” (Operational) Base on 6
October 1943 disbanded on 15 July 1945 when its units and establishment were transferred to RCAF Eastern Air Command as part of RAF ‘Tiger” Force for duty in the Pacific.
Commanders
AIC C.M. McEwen, MC, DFC 18 Jun 43 – 28 Feb 44. NC A.O. Ross, GC 29 Feb 44 – 27 Jun 44.
AIC J.E. Fauquier, DSO and 2 Bars, DFC 28 Jun 44 – 18 Sep 44.
NC J.L. Hurley 19 Sep 44 – 30 May 45.
AIC J.G. Kerr, AFC 31 May 45 – 15 Jul 45.
Higher Formation and Base Location
Bomber Command:
No. 6 (RCAF) Group,
Linton-on-Ouse, Yorks. 1 Jun 43 – 15 Jul 45.
No. 63 (Operational) Base
No. 6 (RCAF) Group
Formed with headquarters at Leeming, Yorkshire, England on 1 May 1944, controlling RCAF Stations Leeming and Skipton-on-Swale disbanded on 31 August 1945. Commanders
AIC J.G. Bryans 1 May 44 – 12 Jan 45.
NC F.R. Miller 13 Jan 45 – 25 May 45.
AIC J.L. Hurley 30 May 45 – 13 Jul 45.
Higher Formation and Base Location
Bomber Command:
No. 6 (RCAF) Group,
Leeming, Yorks. 1 May 44 – 31 Aug 45.
No. 64 (Operational) Base
No. 6 (RCAF) Group
Formed with headquarters at Middleton St. George, Durham, England on 1 May 1944, controlling RCAF Sta­tions Middleton St. George and Croft disbanded on 15 June 1945, when its units and establishment were transfer­red to RCAF Eastern Air Command as part of RAF ‘Tiger Force” for duty in the Pacific.
Commanders
AIC R.E. McBumey 1 May 44 – 28 Dec 44.
AIC C.R. Dunlap, CBE 22 Jan 45 – 24 Apr 45.
AIC H.B. Godwin 25 Apr 45 – 29 May 45.
AIC H.T. Miles 30 May 45 – 15 Jun 45.

Higher Formations and Base Location
Bomber Command:
No. 6 (RCAF) Group,
Middleton St. George, Durham 1 May 44 – 15 Jun 45.
WINGS
Canadian Digby Wing
RAF Fighter Command
Formed at Digby, Lincolnshire, England on 14 April 1941 inactive from 1 May 1942 to 18 April 1943 disbanded on 30 April 1944 when its squadrons were transferred to Se­cond Tactical Air Force.
Wing Commanders Flying
W/C G.R. McGregor, DSO, DFC 14 Apr 41 – 31 Aug 41. W/C H.P. Blatchford (Can/RAF), DFC 8 Sep 41 –
30 Apr 42.
Wing inactive
W/C L.S. Ford, DFC and Bar 19 Apr 43 – 4 Jun 43 KIA. W/C L.V. Chadburn, DSO and Bar, DFC 5 Jun 43 –
30 Dec 43.
W/C N.H. Bretz, DFC 31 Dec 43 – 30 Apr 44.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Fighter Command renamed,
Air Defence Great Britain (15 Nov 43):
No. 12 Group, Digby, Lines. (Satellite airfield at Wellingore) 14 Apr 41 – 30 Apr 42 and 19 Apr 43 –
30 Apr 44.
Operational History: First Mission 15 April 1941, 12 Hur­ricane I’s of No. 402 Squadron led by W/C McGregor, and supported by the Wittering Wing (Spitfires of No. 65 and No. 266 Squadron RAF) – fighter sweep over the Boulogne area. First Victory 26 June 1941, 2 Hurricane IIB’s of No. 402 Squadron – convoy patrol Sgt G.D. Robert­son credited with a Ju.88 damaged. This was also the squadron’s first victory. 13 October 1941, 36 Spitfire IIA’s from No. 411, No. 412 and No. 266 Squadron (RAF) – fighter sweep Boulogne to Hardelot engaged a mixed gag­gle of Bf.109’s and Fw.190’s. P/O R.W. McNair of No. 411 Squadron credited with a Bf.109 destroyed and a
second probably destroyed. McNair himself was shot down but bailed out over the Channel and was rescued. Sgt. E.N. MacDonald of No. 412 Squadron credited with a Bf.109 destroyed. Each aircraft “destroyed” was the first confirmed victory for the respective squadron. Last Mission 31 March 1944, 12 Spitfire VB’s from No. 402 Squadron and 13 from No. 64 Squadron (RAF) – “Roadstead No. 44”, Part I, close escort to 36 Beaufighters of Coastal Command detailed to attack an enemy convoy of six motor vessels known to have left Den Helder no shipping sighted. Sum­mary Sorties: 7560. Operational/Non-operational Flying Hours: 9394/19 ,403. Victories: 38 aircraft destroyed, 18 probably destroyed, 35 damaged. Casualties (June 1943 – April 1944): Operational: 6 aircraft 6 pilots killed.

Canadian Kenley Wing
RAF Fighter Command
Formed at Kenley, Surrey, England on 25 November 1942 disbanded on 4 July 1943 when its squadrons were trans­ferred to Second Tactical Air Force.
Wing Commanders Flying
W!C J.C. Fee, DFC 25 Nov 42 – 17 Jan 43 KIA.
W/C K.L.B. Hodson, DFC 22 Jan 43 – 28 Feb 43 OTE.
W/C J.E. Johnson (RAF), DSO and Bar, DFC and Bar 21 Mar 43 – 4 Jul 43.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Fighter Command,
Tactical Air Force Fighter Command (12 Jun 43):
No. 11 Group,
Kenley, Surrey (satellite airfield at Redhill) 25 Nov 42 – 4 Jul 43.
Operational History: First Mission 26 November 1942, 2 Spitfire VB’s of No. 401 Squadron – patrol of Shoreham­Beachy Head. First Victory 4 December 1942, 24 Spitfire VB’s from No. 401 and No. 402 Squadron, led by W/C Fee – fighter sweep Audruicq-Gravelines as withdrawal wing, engaged enemy aircraft in the Guines area (between Ambleteuse and Audruicq). No. 402 Squadron claimed 1 Fw.190 destroyed by PION.A. Keene, 1 probably destroyed and 1 damaged by F/O H.A. Simpson 2 pilots missing, 1 wounded. No. 401 Squadron – no claims, no losses. Last Mission 4 July 1943, 24 Spitfires from No. 401 and No. 411 Squadron, led by SIL B.D. Russel – “Ramrod No. 124”, Part I, close escort to 12 Mitchells bombing Amiens. Ten to fifteen miles south of Abbeville, Blue Sec­tion of No. 411 Squadron was bounced by five Bf.109’s, and over the target Red Section was also bounced by
Bf.109’s. No. 411 Squadron claimed 1 Bf.109 damaged by F/O D.R. Matheson, reported 1 pilot missing. 24 Spitfires from No. 403 and No. 421 Squadron, led by SIL H.C. Godefroy – “Ramrod No. 124”, Part II, second fighter sweep (Somme – Amiens Estuary – Hardelot) sighted enemy aircraft, no engagement. Summary Sorties: 5936. Operational/Non-operational Flying Hours: 7996/6217. Victories: 96 aircraft destroyed, 6 probably destroyed, 54 damaged. Casualties: Wing diary does not systematically record casualties of squadrons under command.

No. 1 Wing
No. 1 Air Division Europe

Badge A stone arrowhead point up­
wards in bend
Motto Pro pace armati (Armed for
peace)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, Oc­
tober 1954
The Indian arrowhead is to symbolize
the unit’s place of origin and its desire
to be in forefront of any operation in
which it might be able to participate.
Formed as No. 1 (Fighter) Wing at
North Luffenham, Rutland, England
on 1 November 1951 moved to its
European station at Marville, France on 1 March 1955 relinquished its specialized fighter designation on 1 March 1963 moved to Lahr, Germany on 1 April 1967 inte­grated into the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 February 1968.
Commanders
CIC E.B. Hale, DFC, CD 1 Nov 51 – 19 Aug 53.
CIC J.D. Sommerville, DSO, DFC, CD 20 Aug 53 –
24 Jul 56.
CIC D.J. Williams, DSO, DFC, CD 25 Jul 56 – 18 Jun 59. CIC D.P. Hall, CD 19 Jun 59 – 1 Aug 63.
CIC A.F. Avant, DSO, DFC, CD 2 Aug 63 – 9 Aug 66. CIC R.G. Christie, CD 10 Sep 66 – 31 Jan 68.
Higher Formation and Wing Locations
No. 1 Air Division Europe:
North Luffenham, Rutland, Eng. 1 1 Nov 51 – 28 Feb 55. Marville, Fr. 1 Mar 55 – 31 Mar 67.
Lahr, Ger. 1 Apr 67 – 31 Jan 68.
‘While in England, the wing was under the operational command of RAF Fighter Command through its No. 11 Group.

452 Canadair Sabres cover the deck of the RCN aircraft carrier Magnificent during the transfer of aircraft from Canada to Europe as part of the establishment of the Air Division.
No. 2 Wing
Western Air Command
see North West Air Command
No. 2 Wing
No. 1 Air Division Europe
Badge: none
Formed as No. 2 (Fighter) Wing at Grostenquin, France on 1 October 1952 relinquished its specialized fighter designa­tion on 1 March 1963 disbanded on 1 August 1964. Commanders
CIC J.K.F. MacDonald, DFC, CD 1 Oct 52 – 27 Nov 52. CIC M.E. Pollard, DSO, DFC, AFC, CD 28 Nov 52 –
25 May 53.
CIC W. Weiser, MBE, DFC, CD 30 Jun 53 – 28 Sep 55. CIC W.F.M. Newson, DSO, DFC and Bar, CD 18 Oct 55 -8 Jul 57.
CIC A.B. Searle, AFC, CD 9 Jul 57 – 22 Jul 61.
CIC R.E. MacBride, DFC, CD 23 Aug 61 – 29 Jul 63 died. CIC E.R. Johnston, AFC, CD 25 Nov 63 – 1 Aug 64. Higher Formation and Wing Location
No. 1 Air Division Europe:
Grostenquin, Fr. 1 Oct 52 – 1 Aug 64.

453 No. 2 (Fighter) Wing prepares to depart for Europe at Uplands, Ont. on 23 September 1952. Canadair
Sabres of Nos. 416, 421 and 430 Squadrons line the taxi strips during the final inspection.
No. 3 Wing
No. 1 Air Division Europe
Badge The German eagle charged
with three maple leaves
Motto Agmen primum libertatis
(Freedom’s vanguard)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, April
1956
This wing was the first Canadian
wing to be stationed in Germany in
support of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization. The German eagle,
charged with the maple leaves, is to
symbolize this link with Germany
after the Second World War.
Formed as No .. 3 (Fighter) Wing at Zweibrucken, Germany on 2 February 1953 relinquished its specialized fighter designation on 1 March 1963 integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 February 1968.
Commanders
GIC A.C. Hull, DFC, CD 16 Feb 53 – 9 Jan 56.
GIC J.K.F. MacDonald, DFC, CD 2 May 56 – 6 Jul 60. G/C V.L. Berg, CD 7 Jul 60 – 31 Jul 63.
GIC D.C. Laubman, DFC and Bar, CD 1 Aug 63 –
3 Aug 66.
G!C K.E. Lewis, CD 4 Aug 66 – 31 Jan 68.
Higher Formation and Wing Location
No. 1 Air Division Europe:
Zweibrucken, Ger. 2 Feb 53 – 31 Jan 68.

No. 4 Wing
No. 1 Air Division Europe

Badge Three lances with black and
white pennants in front of an ogress
with a Fesse wavy
Motto Auf wacht (On guard)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, March
1961
The three lances represent the three
squadrons which form the operational
forces of the wing and symbolize the
ability to carry out its duties by day
and night. The ogress and Fesse wavy
signify the Black Forest and the Rhine
River area over which the unit is on
guard.
Formed as No. 4 (Fighter) Wing at Baden-Soellingen, Ger­many on 1 July 1953 relinquished its specialized fighter designation on 1 March 1963 integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 February 1968.
Commanders
G/C R.S. Turnbull, DFC, AFC, DFM, CD 8 Jul 53 – 15 Apr 55.
G/C B.E. Christmas, CD 16 Apr 55 – 23 Jul 57.
GIC R.W. McNair, DSO, DFC and 2 Bars, CD 30 Aug 57 – 14 Sep 61.
G!C J.J. Jordan, AFC, CD 15 Sep 61 – 26 Jul 65.
GIC C. Allison, CD 18 Aug 65 – 31 Jan 68.
Higher Formation and Wing Location
No. 1 Air Division Europe:
Baden-Soellingen, Ger. 1 Jul 53 – 31 Jan 68.

456 Canadair CF-104 12751, with drag ‘chute deployed on landing, carries the crest of No. 4 Wing under the cockpit, indicating service with either No. 421 or No. 444 (ST! A) Squadron.
No. 7 (Photographic) Wing
Air Transport Command

Formed at Rockcliffe (Ottawa), Ontario on 20 May 1944 renumbered No. 22 (Photographic) Wing on 1 April 1947 on completion of the major portion of the RCAF’s postwar commitment to photograph all of Canada, was disbanded on 30 November 1949.
Commanders
No. 7 (P) Wing
W/C J.A.E. Schwartz 20 May 44 – 11 Jan 45.
WIC S Volk 12 Jan 45 – 31 Mar 47.
No. 22 (P) Wing
WIC S. Volk 1 Apr 47 – 3 May 47.
WIC R.I. Thomas, AFC 4 May 47 – 30 Nov 49.
Higher Formations and Wing Locations
Air Force Headquarters,
Air Transport Command (1 Apr 46):
Rockcliffe, Ont. 20 May 44 – 30 Nov 49.
No. 11 Wing (Auxiliary)
Montreal, Quebec
Authorized as RCAF (Reserve) Wing Montreal on 1 October 1950, its functions were performed by No. 1 Group (Auxiliary) until 15 April 1957, when that head­quarters was disbanded, and subsequently by Air Defence Command staff wing was formed on 1 September 1961 to administer and control No. 401 and No. 438 Squadrons integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 February 1968 as No. 11 Air Reserve Wing.
Commanders
GIC H.J. Everard, DFC, CD 1 Sep 61 – 30 Sep 64 ret. GIC J.E.M.M. Gauthier, CD 1 Oct 64 – 15 Nov 66 ret. G!C J.D. Fisher, CD 1 Sep 67 – 31 Jan 68.
Higher Formation and Wing Location
Air Transport Command:
Montreal, Que. 1 Sep 61 – 31 Jan 68.

No. 12 (Technical Training) Wing
(Auxiliary)
Montreal, Quebec
Authorized as RCAF (Reserve) Technical Training Wing Montreal on 15 March 1951, and redesignated No. 12
(Technical Training) Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 January 1955, its intended functions were performed by No. 1 Group
(Auxiliary).
No. 14 Wing (Auxiliary)
Toronto, Ontario
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Wing Toronto on 1 October 1950 to administer and control No. 400 and No. 411 Squadrons redesignated RCAF (Reserve) Operational Wing (Toronto) on 15 January 1951, then No. 14 (Reserve) Operational Wing on 23 August 1951, No. 14 Operational Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 September 1951, and No. 14 Wing
(Auxiliary) on 8 November 1957 integrated into the Cana­dian Armed Forces Reserve on 1 February 1968 as No. 14 Air Reserve Wing.
Commanders
GIC G.W. Gooderham, AFC 1 Oct 50 – 30 Jun 55 ret. GIC R.C.A. Waddell, DSO, DFC, CD 1 Jul 55 – 23 Sep 59 ret.
GIC J.W.P. Draper, DFC, CD 29 Sep 59 – 31 Sep 64 ret. GIC B.A. Howard, CD 1 Oct 64 – 31 Jan 68.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Training Command,
Air Defence Command (1 Aug 51),
No. 2 Group (Auxilia1y) (15 Jan 51 – 1 Mar 57),
Air Transport Command (1 Oct 58):
Toronto, Ont. 1 Oct 50 – 31 Jan 68.
No. 15 (Technical Training) Wing
(Auxiliary)
Toronto, Ontario
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Technical Training Wing Toronto on 1 April 1951 redesignated No. 15 (Reserve) Technical Training Wing on 1 August 1951, then No. 15
(Technical Training) Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 September 1951 disbanded on 10 January 1958.
Commanders
WIC O.B. Coumans, MBE, CD 1 Aug 51 – 15 Sep 57 ret. W/C E.H. Mann 16 Sep 57 – 10 Jan 58.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Training Command,
Air Defence Command (1 Aug 51):
No. 2 Group (Auxiliary) (1 Apr 51 – 1 Mar 57),
Toronto, Ont. 1 Apr 51 – 10 Jan 58.
No. 16 Wing (Auxiliary)
Hamilton, Ontario
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Operational Wing Hamilton on 1 October 1950 to administer and control No. 424 Squadron redesignated No. 16 (Reserve) Wing on 1August 1951, then No. 16 Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 September 1951 disbanded on 1 April 1964.
Commanders
GIC D.B. Annan, DFC, AFC, CD 1 Oct 50 – 30 Sep 55 ret. GIC D. Goldberg, DFC, CD 1 Oct 55 – 14 Mar 58 ret. GIC G.C. Frostad, CD 15 Mar 58 – 14 Jan 60 ret.
GIC M.G. Marshall, DFC, CD 15 Jan 60 – 21 Sep 63 ret. G/C P. Ardeline, DFC, CD 22 Sep 63 – 1 Apr 64.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Training Command,
Air Defence Command (1 Aug 51),
Training Command (1 Sep 57),
Air Transport Command (12 Sep 59):
Hamilton, Ont. 1 Oct 50 – 1 Apr 64.
No. 17 (Fighter) Wing
Second Tactical Air Force
see No. 17 Sector
No. 17 Wing (Auxiliary)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Wing Winnipeg on 1 October 1950 to administer and control No. 402 Squadron redesignated No. 17 (Reserve) Wing on 1 August 1951, then No. 17 Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 September 1951 integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces Reserve on 1 February 1968 as No. 17 Air Reserve Wing.
Commanders
GIC G.H. Sellers, AFC 1 Oct 50 – 16 Mar 52 ret.
GIC W.R.D. Turner, AFC 17 Mar 52 – 31 Dec 54 ret. GIC H.N. Scott, DFC, CD 1 Jan 55 – 31 Mar 59 ret.
GIC G.S. Varnam 1 Apr 59 – 15 Oct 62 ret.
GIC D.M. Gray, CD 16 Oct 62 – 31 Jan 68.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
North West Air Command,
Tactical Air Command (1 Aug 51),
Air Defence Command (1 Jan 55),
Training Command (25 Sep 57),
No. 14 (Training) Group (disbanded 11 Sep 59),
Air Transport Command (1 Apr 61):
Winnipeg, Man. 1 Oct 50 – 31 Jan 68.
No. 18 Wing (Auxiliary)
Edmonton, Alberta
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Wing Edmonton on 1 October 1950 to administer and control No. 418 Squadron redesignated No. 18 (Reserve) Wing on 1 August 1951, then No. 18 Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 September 1951 integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces Reserve on 1 February 1968 as No. 18 Air Reserve Wing.
Commanders
G!C D.R. Jacox, AFC 1 Nov 50 – 16 Apr 52 ret.
GIC G.K. Wynn 17 Apr 52 – 17 Apr 55 ret.
GIC A.D.R. Lowe, DFC, AFC 18 Apr 55 – 30 Sep 55 ret. CIC K.M. Flint, CD 1 Oct 55 – 30 Jan 59 ret.

Higher Formations and Wing Location
North West Air Command,
Tactical Air Command (1 Aug 51),
Training Command (1 Jan 59),
No. 14 (Training) Group (disbanded 11 Sep 59), Air Transport Command (1 Apr 61): Edmonton, Alta. 1 Nov 50 – 31 Jan 68.
No. 19 Wing (Auxiliary)
Vancouver, British Columbia Badge A Sharp Shinned Hawk perch­
ed on a branch of Dogwood
Motto Vestigia nulla restrorsum (No
retreat)
Authority Queen Elizabeth II, Oc­
tober 1962
The Sharp Shinned Hawk, which is
one of the short winged birds of prey
is indigenous to the area of British
Columbia where the unit is located.
Although it is not a very large bird, it
is considered a force to be reckoned
with. The Western Dogwood is plentiful in the country over which the wing operates.
Formed as RCAF (Reserve) Wing Vancouver on 1 October 1950 to administer and control No. 442 and No. 443 Squadron redesignated No. 19 (Reserve) Wing on 1 August 1951, then No. 19 Wing (Auxiliary) on 1 September 1951 disbanded on 1 April 1964.
Commanders
GIC G.W. Northcott, DSO, DFC and Bar 1 Oct 50 –
7 May 55 ret.
G!C E.A. McNab, AFC, CD 8 May 55 – 7 May 58 ret.
G!C R.B. Barker, DFC, CD 8 May 58 – 31 Aug 61 ret. GIC D.C. Cameron, CD 1 Sep 61 – 1 Apr 64.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
North West Air Command,
Air Defence Command (26 May 51),
Air Transport Command (1 Apr 61):
Vancouver, B.C. 1 Oct 50 – 1 Apr 64.

No. 22 (Fighter) Wing Second Tactical Air Force see No. 22 Sector

No. 22 (Photographic) Wing Air Transport Command
see No. 7 (Photographic) Wing

No. 22 Wing (Auxiliary)
London, Ontario
Formed on 15 December 1953 to administer and control No. 420 Squadron disbanded on 1 April 1957. Commanders
CIC A.O. Haylett, AFC, CD 15 Dec 53 – 1 Apr 57. Higher Formation and Wing Location
Air Defence Command:
London, Ont. 15 Dec 53 – 1 Apr 57.
No. 23 Wing (Auxiliary)
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Formed on 1 January 1955 to administer and control No. 406 Squadron disbanded on 1 April 1964.
Commanders
CIC A.A. Myers, CD 1 Jan 55 – 31 Mar 57 ret.
CIC E.B. Van Slyck, DFC, CD 1 Apr 57 – 31 Mar 62 ret. CIC D.J. Kelly, CD 1 Apr 62 – 1 Apr 64.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Tactical Air Command,
Training Command (1 Oct 58),
No. 14 (Training) Group (disbanded 11 Sep 59),
Air Transport Command (1 Apr 61):
Saskatoon, Sask. 1 Jan 55 – 1 Apr 64.
No. 30 Wing (Auxiliary)
Calgary, Alberta
Formed on 1 August 1954 to administer and control No. 403 Squadron disbanded on 1 April 1964.
Commanders
CIC W.A. Mostyn-Brown, AFC, CD 1 Aug 54 – 28 Feb 59
ret.
CIC G.M. Kelly, CD 1 Mar 59 – 31 Aug 61 ret.
CIC G.E. Sargenia, CD 1 Sep 61 – 1 Apr 64.
Higher Formations and Wing Location
Air Defence Command,
Training Command (25 Jan 57),
No. 14 (Training) Group (disbanded 11 Sep 59),
Air Transport Command (1 Apr 61):
Calgary, Alta. 1 Aug 54 – 1 Apr 64.
No. 39 (Reconnaissance) Wing
RAF Second Tactical Air Force
Formed as No. 39 (Army Co-operation) Wing at Leatherhead, Surrey, England on 12 September 1942 for reconnaissance duty under the operational control of First Canadian Army transferred to Fighter Command on 1 June 1943 and relinquished its specialized “AC” designa­tion transferred to Second Tactical Air Force on 12 June 1943 and reorganized as No. 39 (Reconnaissance) Wing at Dunsfold, Surrey to administer and control No. 128 and No. 129 Airfield redesignated No. 39 Sector at Odiham, Hampshire on 15 May 1944 when airfields became wings reorganized as No. 39 (Reconnaissance) Wing at Sommervieu, France on 2 July 1944, absorbing No. 128 (Recon­naissance) Wing disbanded at Luneberg, Germany on 7 August 1945.
Commanders
CIC D.M. Smith 12 Sep 42 – 9 Feb 44.
CIC E.H.G. Moncrieff, AFC 10 Feb 44 – 8 Feb 45.
CIC G.H. Sellers, AFC 9 Feb 45 – 15 May 45.
CIC R.C.A. Waddell, DSO, DFC 16 May 45 – 7 Aug 45. Wing Commanders Flying
WIC J.H. Godfrey 2 Jul 44 – 5 Jul 44 OTE.
WIC R.C.A. Waddell, DSO, DFC1 16 Jul 44 – 15 May 45. Higher Formations and Wing Locations
Army Co-operation Command:
No. 70 Group,
Leatherhead, Surrey 12 Sep 42 – 31 May 43.
Fighter Command:
No. 11 Group, Dunsfold, Surrey 1 Jun 43 – 11 Jun 43. Tactical Air Force Fighter Command renamed
Second Tactical Air Force (15 Nov 43):
No. 83 (Composite) Group,
Dunsfold, Surrey 12 Jun 43 – 31 Jul 43.
Redhill, Surrey 1 Aug 43 – 10 Aug 43.
Woodchurch, Kent 11 Aug 43 – 13 Oct 43.
Redhill, Surrey 14 Oct 43 – 31 Mar 44.
Odiham, Hants. 1 Apr 44 – 19 Jun 44.
En route to France 20 Jun 44 – 29 Jun 44.
B.(Base) 8 Sommervieu, Fr. 30 Jun 44 – 12 Aug 44.
B.21 Ste-Honorine-de- Duey, Fr. 13 Aug 44 – 30 Aug 44. B.34 Avrilly, Fr. 31 Aug 44 – 22 Sep 44.
B.64 Diest, Bel. 23 Sep 44 – 4 Oct 44.
B.78 Eindhoven, Neth. 5 Oct 44 – 7 Mar 45.
B.90 Petit-Brogel, Bel. 8 Mar 45 – 19 Mar 45.
B.104 Damme, Ger. 20 Mar 45 – 7 Apr 45.
B.108 Rheine, Ger. 8 Apr 45 – 14 Apr 45.
B.116 Wunstorf, Ger. 15 Apr 45 – 25 Apr 45.
B.154 Soltau, Ger. 26 Apr 45 – 8 May 45.
B.156 Luneburg, Ger. 9 May 45 – 7 Aug 45.
Operational History: First Mission 1 August 1943, Mustang I’s of No. 430 Squadron from Redhill – standing patrols over a cable-laying vessel and its escort. Last Mission 8 May 1945, 4 Spitfire XI’s of No. 400 Squadron – sea patrols. Summary Sorties: 13,526. Operational/Non­operational Flying Hours: 17,267120,602. Victories: 40 air­craft destroyed, 5 probably destroyed, 25 damaged. Casualties: Operational: 42 aircraft 27 pilots killed or missing.

No. 100 Wing (Auxiliary)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Authorized on 1 December 1938 to direct the organization and training of Auxiliary units in the Vancouver area disbanded on 1 September 1939.
Commander
WIC A.O. Bell-Irving, MC 1 Dec 38 – 1 Sep 39.

No. 101 Wing (Auxiliary)
Toronto, Ontario
Authorized on 1 December 1938 to direct the organization and training of Auxiliary units in the Toronto area
disbanded on 1 September 1939.
Commander
W/C W.A. Curtis, DSC 1 Dec 38 -1 Sep 39.
No. 102 Wing (Auxiliary)
Montreal, Quebec
Authorized on 1 December 1938 to direct the organization and training of Auxiliary units in the Montreal area
disbanded on 1 September 1939.
Commander
WIC J.A. Sully, AFC 1 Dec 38 -1 Sep 39.
No. 120 (Transport) Wing
RAF Transport Command
Formed at RCAF Overseas Headquarters, London, England on 17 September 1945 to transport passengers, casualties, freight and mail in support of Canadian occupation forces in Germany moved to Odiham, Hampshire on 7 October 1945 disbanded on 30 June 1946.
Commanders
G/C H.H.C. Rutledge, OBE 12 Sep 45 -14 Jan 46.
GIC R.J. Lane, DSO, DFC and Bar 15 Jan 46 -12 Jun 46.
Higher Formations and Wing Locations
Transport Command:
No. 46 Group,
London, Eng. 17 Sep 45 -6 Oct 45.
Odiham, Hants. 7 Oct 45 -30 Jun 46.
Summary of Operations Sorties: 1459. Operational/Non­operational Flying Hours: 17,056/1959. Airlifted: 50,961 passengers (including 3338 casualties), 511.9 tons of mail, 1978. 9 tons of freight.
No. 126 (Fighter) Wing
RAF Second Tactical Air Force

Badge Four dragons’ heads conjoined Motto Fortitudo vincit (Courage
wins)
Authority King George VI, May 1946
The four dragons’ heads spitting fire represent the four Spitfire squadrons which composed the wing.
Formed as No. 126 Airfield at Redhill, Surrey, England on 4 July 1943 with Spitfire aircraft

redesignated No. 126 (Fighter) Wing
at Tangmere, Sussex on 15 May 1944 transferred to the British Air Forces of Occupation (Germany) on 6 July 1945 disbanded at Utersen, Germany on 1 April 1946.
Commanders
W/C J.E. Walker, DFC and 2 Bars 9 Yul 4.’: -?.A A110 in

GIC G.R. McGregor, OBE, DFC 20 Jul 44 -27 Sep 45.
G/C W.E. Bennett 28 Sep 45 -1 Apr 46.
Wing Commanders Flying
W/C B.D. Russel, DFC 9 Jul 43 -16 Oct 43 2 OTE.
W/C R.W. McNair, DSO, DFC and 2 Bars 17 Oct 43 -12 Apr 44.
WIC G.C. Keefer, DFC and Bar 17 Apr 44 -7 Jul 44
2 OTE.
WIC B.D. Russel, DSO, DFC and Bar 8 Jul 44 -26 Jan 45
3OTE.
WIC G.W. Northcott, DSO, DFC and Bar 27 Jan 45 -1 Apr 46.
Higher Formations and Wing Locations
Tactical Air Force Fighter Command, renamed
Second Tactical Air Force (15 Nov 43):
No. 83 (Composite) Group,
No. 17 (RCAF) Sector (disbanded 13 Jul 44),
Redhill, Surrey 5 Jul 43 -5 Aug 43.
Staplehurst, Kent 6 Aug 43 -12 Oct 43.
Biggin Hill, Kent 13 Oct 43 -14 Apr 44.
Tangmere, Sussex 15 Apr 44 -8 Jun 44.
En route to France 9 Jun 44 -15 Jun 44.
B.(Base) 3 Ste Croix-sur-Mer, Fr. 16 Jun 44 -17 Jun 44.
8.4 Beny-sur-Mer, Fr. 18 Jun 44 -7 Aug 44.
8.18 Cristot, Fr. 8 Aug 44 -2 Sep 44.
8.44 Poix, Fr. 3 Sep 44 -6 Sep 44.
8.56 Evere, Bel. 7 Sep 44 -10 Sep 44.
B.68 Le Culot, Bel. 21 Sep 44 -3 Oct 44.
B.84 Rips, Neth. 4 Oct 44 -13 Oct 44.
B.80 Volkel, Neth. 14 Oct 44 -6 Dec 44.
B.88 Heesch, Neth. 7 Dec 44 -11 Apr 45.
B.108 Rheine, Ger. 12 Apr 45 -14 Apr 45.
B.116 Wunstorf, Ger. 15 Apr 45 -11 May 45.
B.152 Fassberg, Ger. 12 May 45 -4 Jul 45.
B.174 Utersen, Ger. 5 Jul 45.
British Air Forces of Occupation (Germany):
No. 83 (Composite) Group,
B.174 Utersen, Ger. 6 Jul 45 -1 Apr 46.
Operational History: First Mission 6 July 1943, 24 Spitfire VB’s of No. 401 and No. 411 Squadron from Redhill, led by SIL B.D. Russel (commanding No. 411 Squadron) – “Rodeo No. 240”, Part II, fighter sweep of the Gravelines­Berck area. First Victory 15 July 1943, 24 Spitfire VB’s of No. 401 and No. 411 Squadron from Redhill, led by W/C B.D. Russel -“Ramrod No. 142”, close support to 12
Bostons of No. 107 Squadron bombing Poix aerodrome. After leaving the target area, the formation was attacked by some 20 Fw.190’s. SIL G.C. Semple, commanding No. 411 Squadron, credited with a Fw.190 damaged. The wing had no losses. 3 October 1953, 24 Spitfire IX’s of No. 403 and No. 421 Squadron from Staplehurst -“Ramrod No. 257”, Part I, top cover for 72 Marauders of the US Eighth Air Force bombing Woensdrecht aerodrome, attacked over the target by some 25 enemy aircraft. SIL R.W. McNair, commanding No. 421 Squadron, credited with a Fw.190 destroyed. The wing had no losses. Last Mission 5 May
1945, 8 Spitfire IXB’s of No. 401 Squadron from Wunstorf -two 4-plane armed recces of the Hamburg area.
Summary Sorties: 29,631. Operational/Non-operational Flying Hours: 40,548/12,635. Victories: 355½ aircraft
destroyed, 15 probably destroyed and 168 damaged, 1 V-1 destroyed. Casualties: Operational: 162 aircraft 123 pilots

No. 127 (Fighter) Wing
RAF Second Tactical Air Force
Formed as No. 127 Airfield at Kenley, Surrey, England on 4 July 1943 with Spitfire aircraft redesignated No. 127
(Fighter) Wing at Tangmere, Sussex on 15 May 1944 disbanded at Soltau, Germany on 7 July 1945. Commanders
WIC M. Brown 11 Jul 43 – 18 Jul 44.
GIC W.R. MacBrien, OBE 19 Jul 44 – 11 Jan 45.
GIC P.S. Turner, DSO, DFC and Bar 12 Jan 45 – 7 Jul 45. Wing Commanders Flying
WIC J.E. Johnson (RAF), DSO and Bar, DFC and Bar 5 Jul 43 – 18 Sep 43 2OTE.
WIC H.C. Godefroy, DSO, DFC and Bar 19 Sep 43 – 15 Apr 44 2OTE.
W/C L.V. Chadburn, DSO and Bar, DFC 16 Apr 44 – 12 Jun 44 KIA’.
W/C R.A. Buckham, DFC and Bar 13 Jun 44 -5 Jul 44
OTE.
WIC J.E. Johnson (RAF), DSO and 2 Bars, DFC and Bar 4 Jul 44 – 30 May 45.
W/C J.F. Edwards, DFC and Bar, DFM 6 Apr 45 – 7 Jul 45. Higher Formations and Wing Locations
Tactical Air Force Fighter Command, renamed
Second Tactical Air Force (15 Nov 43):
No. 83 (Composite) Group,
No. 17 (RCAF) Sector (disbanded 13 Jul 44),
Kenley, Surrey 5 Jul 43 – 5 Aug 43.
Lashenden, Kent 6 Aug 43 – 19 Aug 43.
Headcorn, Kent 20 Aug 43 – 13 Oct 43.
Kenley, Surrey 14 Oct 43 – 16 Apr 44.
Tangmere, Sussex 17 Apr 44 – 7 Jun 44.
En route to France 8 Jun 44 – 15 Jun 44.
B.(Base) 2 Crepon, Fr. 16 Jun 44 – 27 Aug 44.
8.26 Marcilly-la-Campagne, Fr. 28 Aug 44 – 17 Sep 44. 8.68 Le Culot, Bel. 18 Sep 44 – 26 Sep 44.
B.82 Grave, Neth. 27 Sep 44 – 21 Oct 44.
8.58 Melsbroek, Bel. 22 Oct 44 – 3 Nov 44.
B.56 Evere, Bel. 4 Nov 44 – 1 Mar 45.
B.90 Petit-Brogel, Bel. 2 Mar 45 – 30 Mar 45.
B.78 Eindhoven, Neth. 31 Mar 45 – 7 Apr 45.
B .100 Goch, Ger. 8 Apr 45 – 12 Apr 45.
B.114 Diepholz, Ger. 13 Apr 45 – 25 Apr 45.
B.154 Soltau, Ger. 26 Apr 45 – 7 Jul 45.
Operational History: First Mission and Victories 6 July 1943, 24 Spitfire !X’s of No. 403 and No. 421 Squadron from Kenley, led by S/L H.C. Godefroy, commanding No. 403 Squadron – “Rodeo No. 240”, Part I, second fighter sweep of Dieppe-Amiens-Doullens area, engaged two enemy formations. Near Amiens, 12 Bf.109’s were sighted flying southeast and No. 403 Squadron was detailed to at­tack. The enemy aircraft immediately dived through cloud towards Abbeville except for their leader, who started to tum and was shot down by F/L H.D. Macdonald. At Doullens, 5 Bf.109’s flying southeast were engaged by No. 421 Squadron, led by SIL R.W. McNair. Most of the enemy evaded combat by flying into the cloud, though not before S/L McNair had destroyed one Bf.109 and F/L
A.H. Sager had damaged a second. Both engagements were without loss to the wing. Last Mission 7 May 1945, 52 Spit­fire sorties from Soltau – escort to Dakotas, Stirlings and Halifaxes flying supplies to Copenhagen, Denmark.

Summary Sorties: 26,798. Operational/Non-operational Flying Hours: 38,003/9216. Victories: 245¼ aircraft destroyed, 14 probably destroyed, 155½ damaged. Casualties: Operational: 133 aircraft 106 pilots killed or missing.
‘Flying Spitfire IX MJ824 LV-C mid-air collision over the Normandy beachhead.


Contents

Formation and World War I [ edit ]

No. 234 Squadron RAF was officially formed on 20 August 1918 at RNAS Tresco in the Scilly Isles from No. 350, 351, 352 and 353 Flights, which had been equipped with amongst others Felixstowe F3's and Curtiss H.12 aircraft since February 1917. The squadron used these to patrol the Western Approaches of the English Channel and gained two DSCs, one DSM and a CGM in doing that. Β] The unit flew its last World War I mission on 10 November 1918 and was disbanded half a year later at Tresco on 15 May 1919. ΐ] Γ]

In World War II [ edit ]

The squadron was reformed on 30 October 1939 at RAF Leconfield, initially equipped with three Magisters, a Battle and three biplane Gauntlets, soon to be followed by some Blenheims Mk.Ifs, Δ] which were used flying on coastal patrols until March 1940. It then began to re-equip with Spitfires and moved to RAF Church Fenton in May 1940 when becoming operational.

In June 1940 the squadron moved to RAF St Eval in Cornwall where it was based before and after the date regarded historically as the start of the Battle of Britain, 10 July. Here the unit's main duties were patrols, scrambles and convoy protection. On 15 August 234 Squadron was posted to RAF Middle Wallop, a part of No. 10 Group RAF flying in defence of Portsmouth, Southampton and other targets along the south coast. As there were fewer raids along the south coast than in the south east, about two thirds of patrols, scrambles and interceptions undertaken were flown in support of No. 11 Group RAF, as far as Kent. The squadron achieved a number of victories, including those of its inspirational force, high scoring Australian Pat Hughes and those of two long-surviving members of The Few, Bob Doe and Keith Lawrence. On the afternoon of 7 September the Luftwaffe made its first heavy daylight raid on London. 234 Squadron was amongst those scrambled to intercept the enemy bomber force as it retired during the engagement, the squadron lost both Pat Hughes and its CO, Squadron Leader O'Brien. Two days later, the squadron was posted back to its old base at St Eval to be rested, receive replacement aircraft and train new pilots being posted in from OTUs – Operational Training Units the squadron had lost 18 Spitfires in 4 weeks fighting. Ε]

During 1941 and 1942 the squadron was operating from various bases in the south and carried out both offensive and defensive duties but in January 1943 it was transferred to Orkney, flying at first from RAF Grimsetter with a detachment at RAF Sumburgh, and later from RAF Skeabrae." Ώ] ΐ] Γ]

Six months later the squadron returned to the South of England, firstly at RAF Church Stanton, and was soon operating over France again in preparation for Operation Overlord, the forthcoming Allied invasion of Normandy. On D-Day it was equipped with the Spitfire V LF operating from RAF Deanland as part of Air Defence of Great Britain, though under the operational control of RAF Second Tactical Air Force. Ζ]

After D-Day the squadron converted to North American Mustang Mk.IIIs, which it used to provide long-range bomber escort missions from RAF North Weald and after December 1944 from RAF Bentwaters. On 1 May 1945 the squadron was moved to RAF Peterhead to provide a similar service to the RAF Coastal Command strike wings operating along the Norwegian coast, having received some additional new North American Mustang Mk.IVs (the RAF version of the P-51D Mustang) by this time.") Ώ] ΐ] Γ]

Post-war era: from Spitfires to jets [ edit ]

With the end of the war, the squadron reverted to Spitfire Mk.IXs and was retained as part of the post-war RAF. Jets arrived in February 1946, when Meteor F.3s replaced the Spitfires, but on 1 September the squadron was disbanded by being renumbered to No. 266 Squadron RAF. The squadron reformed at Oldenburg on 1 August 1952 in the ground attack role, equipped with Vampires FB.5 and FB.9s. In November 1953 it returned to the day fighter role when it began to receive North American Sabre F.4s, conversion being completed by January 1954. The squadron moved to RAF Geilenkirchen on 8 January 1954, where Hunter F.4s replaced the Sabres in May 1956, but following the 1957 Defence White Paper of Minister of Defence Duncan Sandys, No. 234 squadron was disbanded on 15 July 1957.") Ώ] ΐ] Γ]

With No. 229 OCU and No. 1 TWU [ edit ]

The squadron number popped up again when one of the squadrons of No. 229 Operational Conversion Unit (OCU) at RAF Chivenor was given the number on 22 October 1958, operating Hunter F.6 and FGA.9 aircraft, to give Hunter pilots their operational training. On 2 September 1974 No. 229 OCU moved to RAF Brawdy (formerly HMS Goldcrest) with the closure of Chivenor for refurbishment and was redesignated as the Tactical Weapons Unit (TWU), with No. 234 (Reserve) Squadron remaining one of its components. When a second TWU was later formed at Chivenor the original was renamed No. 1 TWU, again with No. 234 squadron remaining one of its constituent squadrons though by now having traded in the Hunters for the new Hawk. When No. 1 TWU was disbanded on 31 August 1992, so were its component squadrons, No 79(F) and No 234. Η]

With No. 4 FTS [ edit ]

The following day however, 1 September 1992, the number was allocated to a squadron of No. 4 (Advanced) Flying Training School (AFTS) at RAF Valley, which had taken over the duties of the TWUs. The squadron continued as part of the school until 1 April 1994, when it was disbanded by being renumbered to No. 208 (Reserve) Squadron. Η]


List of air victories

Johnson's wartime record was 515 sorties flown, 34 aircraft claimed destroyed with a further seven shared destroyed (three and one shared victories), three probable destroyed, 10 damaged, and one shared, destroyed on the ground. [8] All his victories were fighters. As a Wing Leader, Johnson was able to use his initials "JE-J" in place of squadron code letters. He scored the bulk of his victories flying two Mk IXs: EN398/JEJ in which he shot down 12 aircraft and shared five plus six and one shared damaged, while commanding the Kenley Wing MK392/JEJ, an L.F Mk. IX, 12 aircraft plus one shared, destroyed on the ground. His last victory of the war was scored in this aircraft. Johnson ended the war flying a Mk XIVE, MV268/JEJ. [100] His post-war mount was MV257/JEJ it was the last Spitfire to carry his initials. [101]

The ability to verify British claims against the British' main opponents in 1941 and 1942, JG 26 and JG 2, is very limited. Only two of the 30 volumes of War Diaries produced by JG 26 survived the war. Historian Donald Caldwell has attempted to use what limited German material is available to compare losses and air victory claims but acknowledges the lack of sources leave the possibility for error. [102]


Belgian Tribute Spitfire

Boussa was born at Glain, near Liège on 13 January 1905. Pupil pilot with 67th promotion on 12 December 1931, he reached the rank of Captain when War broke out in March 1940. He commanded 3/III/2 Sqn at Nivelles, equipped with Fairey Fox VI. He Escaped from occupied Belgium and reached the UK on 1 June 1941. Being commissioned P/O and after a refresh course at the OTU of Heston starting on 27 July 1941 he was consecutively posted first to 131 Sqn on 30 August, than to 79 Sqn on 22 October, to 118 Sqn on 4 January 1942,to 615 Sqn on 7 January, to 234 Sqn on 18 February, 2 Delivery Flight on 22 February, 130 Sqn on 28 February, 124 Sqn on 4 March and finally to 350 (BE) Sqn on 28 March 1942 where he became flight commander. In December 1942 he took command over the Squadron. After being transferred to the SAS in early 1944, he was dropped in France, where he formed evacuation camps for escaped Allied air crew. He also executed intelligence missions. In August 1944, he organised a break through the enemy lines near Le Mans with 157 airmen. Posted to Staff duties, he led the recruiting bureau for the Belgian Section of the RAF. Promoted W/Cdr, the Section was transferred to Belgium in November 1944. W/Cdr Boussa was awarded a DFC, a MC (28 November 1945) and the French Legion d'Honneur for his war activities. He died on 13 March 1967 at Clayes (France).

DFC Citiation of 11 November 1946:

No.350 (Belgian) Squadron was the first Belgian-manned fighter squadron in the RAF, and spent most of the war flying offensive sweeps over occupied Europe.

The squadron was formed at RAF Valley on Anglesey on 12 November 1941. It became operational on 22 December, still based at Valley, and provided defensive cover for north Wales and the north of England.

The squadron moved to the south of England in April 1942, and began its first period of offensive sweeps. This lasted for almost an entire year, before the squadron moved back to the north in March 1943.

The squadron then joined Second Tactical Air Force, returned to the south, and in October resumed offensive sweeps. It was used to cover the D-Day landings, but was then withdrawn to take part in the battle against the V-1 flying bombs.

In August the squadron resumed offensive sweeps, this time over the Netherlands. In December the squadron finally moved onto the continent, satisfyingly to a base in Belgium. For the rest of the war the squadron was used for low-level attacks on German communications. After the end of the war in Europe the squadron joined the occupation forces, before being transferred to the Belgian Air Force on 15 October 1946.

Aircraft
November 1941-April 1942: Supermarine Spitfire IIA
February-December 1942: Supermarine Spitfire VB
December 1943-March 1944: Supermarine Spitfire IX
March-July 1944: Supermarine Spitfire VB and VC
July-August 1944: Supermarine Spitfire IX
August 1944-October 1945: Supermarine Spitfire XIV

Location
November 1941-February 1942: Valley
February-April 1942: Atcham
April 1942: Warmwell
April-June 1942: Debden
June-July 1942: Gravesend
July 1942: Martlesham Heath
July 1942: Kenley
July-September 1942: Redhill
September 1942: Martlesham Heath
September 1942: Redhill
September-December 1942: Southend
December 1942-March 1943: Hornchurch
March 1943: Heston
March 1943: Debden
March 1943: Hornchurch
March 1943: Fairlop
March-June 1943: Acklington
June-July 1943: Ouston
July-August 1943: Acklington
August-September 1943: Digby
September 1943: West Malling
September-October 1943: Digby
October 1943: Hawkinge
October 1943: Southend
October-December 1943: Hawkinge
December 1943-March 1944: Hornchurch
March 1944: Hawkinge
March-April 1944: Peterhead
April-July 1944: Friston
July-August 1944: Westhampnett
August-September 1944: Hawkinge
September-December 1944: Lympne
December 1944: B.56 Evere
December 1944-January 1945: Y.32 As/ Ophoven
January-March 1945: B.78 Eindhoven
March-April 1945: Warmwell
April 1945: B.78 Eindhoven
April 1945: B.106 Twente
April-May 1945: B.118 Celle
May-June 1945: B.152 Fassberg
June-July 1945: B.172 Husum
July-November 1945: B.116 Wunstorf
November 1945-October 1946: B.152 Fassberg
October 1946: Beauvechain

Squadron Codes: MN

Duty
1941-1945: Fighter Squadron

Part of
6 June 1944: No.11 Group Air Defence of Great Britain Allied Expeditionary Air Force

Rickard, J (5 December 2011), No. 350 Squadron (RAF): Second World War


Biography

The 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) son of a Wellington , New Zealand veterinarian , Brian John George Carbury was raised in Auckland where he attended King’s College from 1932 to 1934. He joined Farmers’ Trading Co. on leaving school, but sick of the job as a shoe salesman, [2] he headed to the United Kingdom in 1937 to join the Royal Navy . Being told he was too old, he joined the Royal Air Force on a short service commission as an Acting Pilot Officer . [3]

June 1938 – July 1940

Carbury joined No. 41 Squadron RAF in June 1938, his rank was confirmed on 27 September 1938, [4] flying the Hawker Fury . In August 1939 he was posted to RAF Turnhouse near Edinburgh , Scotland with No. 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron of the Auxiliary Air Force as training officer, flying Spitfires . As an Auxiliary Air Force squadron, No. 603 were week-end ‘part-time’ airmen doing other jobs during the week. But as war approached the squadron was put onto a full-time footing and Carbury was permanently attached from the outbreak of World War II in September 1939. During the Phoney War , No. 603 gained pilots P.O Richard Hillary —later the author of The Last Enemy and B. G. ‘Stapme’ Stapleton who shot down Franz von Werra , the only German PoW to escape and return to the Third Reich .

Scotland was far away from the more accessible targets in the south of England, but was in range for the Luftwaffe’s long range bombers and reconnaissance aircraft shadowing the Royal Navy’s Home Fleet in Northern Scotland and the North Sea. On 16 October a section of 603 was scrambled and shot down a Junkers Ju-88 bomber into the North Sea east of Dalkeith , the first German aircraft to be shot down over British territory since 1918. Carbury probably destroyed an Heinkel He 111 on 7 December, and claimed a third share in the destruction of another He 111 during January 1940. Carbury was promoted to Flying Officer on 27 April 1940. [5]

August 1940 – October 1940

In light of RAF Fighter Command ‘s dire need for pilots in the battles over southern England during August 1940, No. 603 redeployed to RAF Hornchurch , becoming active in the Battle of Britain from 27 August 1940.

Carbury claimed his first victory on 29 August, a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter. He claimed another on the 30th, and three more on the 31st, together with two He 111’s [6] – taking his total to 8 and 1/3, and making him a fighter ace . Hillary was shot down on 3 September in combat with Bf 109’s of Jagdgeschwader 26 off Margate at 10:04hrs – rescued by the Margate lifeboat , he was severely burned and spent the next three years in hospital. [7] In September Carbury claimed three more Bf 109’s, and after sustaining wounds to his feet during actions in September, his efforts were recognised by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC). The award was gazetted on 24 September 1940: [8]

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the undermentioned appointment and awards in recognition of gallantry displayed in flying operations against the enemy : —

Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

Flying Officer Brian John George CARBURY (40288).

Carbury continued his toll of victories in October, as the German’s intensified their high-level fighter-bomber attacks on London. His first two victories for the month were a Bf109 over the Thames Estuary on the 2nd, and another in southeast London on 7 October. Based at RAF Manston on the 10th, Carbury noticed three Bf 109’s returning to northern France —leading three Spitfires into attack, he shot the first in to the English Channel , and a second on to the beach at Dunkirk . On 14 October, he damaged a Junkers Ju 88.

The official end of the Battle of Britain came at the end of October, when Carbury was awarded a Bar to the DFC—one of fewer than five pilots given the double award for victories claimed during the period of the Battle of Britain. With destruction of 15 enemy aircraft destroyed (and 2 victories shared destroyed), 2 probables and 5 damaged, [9] Carbury was among the five top-scoring pilots in RAF Fighter Command and the top scorer against Bf 109s [10] during the Battle of Britain along with Eric Lock . The award of the bar to his DFC was gazetted on 25 October 1940: [11]

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following appointment and awards in recognition of gallantry displayed in flying operations against the enemy:—

Awarded a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross

Flying Officer Brian John George CARBURY, D.F.C. (40288).

December 1940 onwards

No. 603 Squadron and Carbury returned to Scotland on scheduled rotation in December 1940. On Christmas Day Carbury was scrambled to intercept a Junker Ju 88 reported off St Abb’s Head , inflicting damage before the German aircraft turned for home.

Early in 1941 Carbury was posted to be an instructor at the Central Flying School and then 58 OTU at Grangemouth , and did not fly operationally in combat again. Unfortunately later that year he was charged with fraud after being accused of passing between 9 and 17 false cheques, an offence that at the time could attract a prison sentence. At his RAF court martial , he was found guilty and on 21 October 1941 the London Gazette announced: “Flg. Off. B. J. G. CARBURY, DFC (40288), to be dismissed the Service by sentence of General Court-Martial. 1 Oct 1941.” [12]


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